Depression: Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment


Although depression may occur only once during your life, people typically have multiple episodes. During these episodes, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day, and may include:

  • Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness, or hopelessness
  • Angry outbursts, irritability, or frustration, even over small matters
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies, or sports
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Tiredness and lack of energy, so even small tasks take extra effort
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss or increased cravings for food and weight gain
  • Anxiety, agitation, or restlessness
  • Slowed thinking, speaking, or body movements
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions, and remembering things
  • Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as back pain or headaches

For many people with depression, symptoms usually are severe enough to cause noticeable problems in day-to-day activities, such as work, school, social activities, or relationships with others. Some people may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why.

Read More: back pain solutions

Depression symptoms in children and teens

Common signs and symptoms of depression in children and teenagers are similar to those of adults, but there can be some differences.

  • In younger children, symptoms of depression may include sadness, irritability, clinginess, worry, aches and pains, refusing to go to school, or being underweight.
  • In teens, symptoms may include sadness, irritability, feeling negative and worthless, anger, poor performance or poor attendance at school, feeling misunderstood and extremely sensitive, using recreational drugs or alcohol, eating or sleeping too much, self-harm, loss of interest in normal activities, and avoidance of social interaction.

Depression symptoms in older adults

Depression is not a normal part of growing older, and it should never be taken lightly. Unfortunately, depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated in older adults, and they may feel reluctant to seek help. Symptoms of depression may be different or less obvious in older adults, such as:

  • Memory difficulties or personality changes
  • Physical aches or pain
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite, sleep problems or loss of interest in sex — not caused by a medical condition or medication
  • Often wanting to stay at home, rather than going out to socialize or doing new things
  • Suicidal thinking or feelings, especially in older men

Do you understand the seven symptoms of depression?

Depression performance

(1) Anxiety: Anxiety is a symptom that often occurs when depression occurs. Patients often have physical symptoms such as palpitations, chest tightness, sweating, frequent urination, etc., even when they are anxious. Be the chief complaint of the patient.

(2) Self-blame and self-blame: In the event of depression, I feel that I am uneasy about my family and my parents because of some unreasonable things. I am sorry for my parents, children, and relatives, and even regret the mistakes or mistakes of the past. Add blame, when it is serious, it will reach the level of delusion.

(3) delusions or hallucinations: frequent auditory hallucinations or delusions are also the occurrences of depression, one is the so-called harmony with the state of mind, that is, the content of delusion is commensurate with the state of depression, such as cerebrovascular disease can not restore delusion, evil Delusions, disaster delusions, worthless delusions or often hear some blame, ridicule their own auditory hallucinations. Another kind of delusion is called disharmony with the state of mind, that is, the content of delusion is not commensurate with the state of depression, such as sorrowful delusions, tortured delusions, and auditory hallucinations without any emotional components. But all such delusions do not have the characteristics of schizophrenia delusions, such as absurdity, grotesqueness, and primary nature.

(4) Cognitive symptoms: Cognitive symptoms associated with depression are often reversible, such as decreased memory, distraction, etc. These symptoms are often alleviated as the treatment improves. Some patients may experience cognitive distortions, such as seeing everything around them as gray and making pessimistic disappointments about everything.

(5) Suicidal concept and behavior: Patients often have suicidal ideas. Light people feel that they are alive and boring and often think about things related to death. The heavy ones will take the initiative to find a way to commit suicide and put it into practice. Even some patients commit suicide after killing several people, which has extremely serious consequences. Therefore, these patients should be highly vigilant and actively give intervention treatment. At the same time, psychiatric professional doctors should be consulted and hospitalized in psychiatric hospitals if necessary.

(6) Self-knowledge: The self-knowledge of depressed patients is greatly affected by the degree of disturbance of consciousness, and the patient’s self-awareness is also completely lost. A considerable part of the patient’s self-knowledge is completely clear, and he will take the initiative to seek medical treatment and treatment.

(7) Mental retardation or agitation: Patients with mental retardation often show slow thinking, slow brain response, and decreased memory and attention. Slow action, slow work, and heavy can reach the level of stupor.

How to relieve depression

Physical exercise

Exercise can not only improve people’s physical fitness but also help to relax people’s tight bodies and minds. Therefore, when people’s mood is relatively low, they can also be relieved through appropriate exercise. For example, running, playing, or going hiking and climbing.

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