Sexually transmitted diseases are an important part of human sexual life, and can range from a temporary and curable discomfort to a chronic or lethal disease. Some of the best known STDs are:
List of Top 10 most common sexually transmitted diseases:
- Hepatitis C
- Genital herpes
Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum , it causes small and often painless ulcers on the mucous membranes, genitals, and on the hands or feet. Over time, since it is a chronic disease, red spots and lesions in the nervous system and circulatory system also appear.
Also known as gonorrhea or gonorrhea, it is caused by a bacterium commonly called gonococcus , which usually affects the genital mucous membranes, the urinary system, the eyes, the pharynx or the rectum. It causes purulent lesions with a foul odor and can cause infertility in women.
Acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the product of incurable infection with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), which is transmitted by fluid exchange. This disease destroys the body’s ability to defend itself and leaves it at the mercy of other secondary diseases.
Acronym for Human Papilloma Virus, it is one of the most common infections in the world, which encompasses a broad family of skin viruses, some of which cause warts and other types of flat lesions, some of which are linked to skin cancer. cervix and penis.
It is an ectoparasite linked to louse, which inhabits the genital areas and feeds on blood, causing itching in the area.
Chlamydia is a common and curable sexually transmitted disease (STD). Treatment can stop the spread of the infection and help prevent long-term problems. Chlamydia is contracted through sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, or anal) with an infected person. Most people with chlamydia do not have symptoms, so they can spread the infection without realizing it. One type of bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis , is what causes chlamydia.
Hepatitis C is an infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV can lead to liver failure, liver cancer, or chronic liver disease (cirrhosis). HCV infections are the leading cause of liver transplants in the US. Some people who get HCV only have a short-term illness because their bodies are able to clear the virus. But most people who are infected (70-85%) develop chronic (long-term) HCV infection.
Hepatitis C is the most serious type of hepatitis. Currently, it is one of the most frequent causes of liver transplantation in adults. Every year, nearly 20,000 people in the US die from HCV.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). There is no cure for this disease, but medications can help control the infection. Some people with genital herpes may have “breakouts” of sores in the genital and anal areas. (The genitals are the sexual or reproductive organs that are on the outside of the body.) The sores heal within a few weeks. Outbreaks can be triggered by stress, illness, extreme tiredness, or exposure to sunlight. Girls may have outbreaks when they have their menstrual period. The first outbreak is usually the most serious. Outbreaks usually become less severe over time.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system . The immune system is weakened, making it difficult for the body to fight infections and some types of cancers . Most people who are diagnosed early with this infection and who take anti-HIV drugs can lead long and fulfilling lives.
This can happen during sexual intercourse (particularly vaginal and anal) sharing needles to inject drugs or get tattoos. And getting stuck with a needle that contains blood from an infected person. HIV can also be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
Trichomoniasis is spread to men and women through vaginal sex. Women can spread this disease to other women through sexual intercourse. Men do not usually spread trichomoniasis to other men. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. The only way to prevent trichomoniasis and other sexually transmitted diseases is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If a person decides to have sex, always using a latex condom can prevent most sexually transmitted diseases.
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