Anxiety is a normal, adaptive emotional state where there is an increase in the excitement of the central nervous system ahead of situations that involve real risks or in some imaginary cases, this is often confused with fear but in this there are factors that the trigger real while the factors that generate anxiety are generally subjective. what is anxiety meaning
Taking into account the physiological aspects, this phenomenon is extremely natural, but in some situations it is unwanted as it can affect mental and physical functioning.
Anxiety disorders are common problems in psychiatry, many patients complain of anxiety-related symptoms before seeking treatment from professionals, and although the prevalence is high, some clinical problems are still difficult to recognize and treat. what is anxiety meaning
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, anxiety disorders include characteristics of excessive fear and anxiety and some behavioral disorders related to these disorders. what is anxiety meaning
Anxiety disorders are apparently related to biological, psychological and social factors, including genetic predisposition associated with various causes such as trauma or stress.
Anxiety triggers neurotransmitter-mediated reactions in the central nervous system, and apparently the main ones related to anxiety disorders are norepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine, and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA).
Symptoms related to the autonomic nervous system are mainly related to the activation of the sympathetic nerves where there is peripheral norepinephrine release. what is anxiety meaning
Symptoms of anxiety are: negative thoughts, constant worry or fear, feeling that something bad is going to happen, tension, wheezing, palpitations, increased heart rate, high blood pressure, insomnia, muscle tension, sweating, tremors, headaches and increased intestinal motility. what is anxiety meaning
Anxiety disorder can be cured and, if it is detected initially, there is the possibility of treatment without the presence of drugs, but if it is not treated initially, patients tend to develop other disorders that may lead to the need for drug treatment.
Some experts believe that controlling the respiratory rate and concentrating on the breath can be a good relaxation technique, as the breath has the ability to control the body and mind by reducing its activity. what is anxiety meaning
Meditation techniques can also be effective as they relax the mind by reducing neural activity, causing somatic symptoms to subside. A study conducted also reveals that the practice of meditation and yoga can improve sleep states by reducing the need for drug treatments for insomnia.
In some cases there is a need for a pharmacological treatment, which in general, in the initial cases are easily controlled with herbal medications such as valerian and passionflower, these medications often do not require a prescription, however, it is important to do follow up with a health professional.
In cases where these drugs no longer control anxiety, the use of so-called anxiolytics is used, that is, drugs capable of reducing anxiety such as Alprazolam and clonazepam, in these cases there is a need for strict monitoring since These medications can cause chemical dependency. what is anxiety meaning
The vast majority of people with anxiety disorders report improvements after treatments and can return to normal activities within a few weeks, however, when experiencing anxiety-related symptoms, the patient should seek specialized help soon, as the Early diagnosis and correct treatment lead to rapid improvements with fewer health losses in the future.