Cannabis Sativa Or Indica?
Cannabis plants can be divided into two types of marijuana and below you will be able to know the differences in origin, climate, effects and physical characteristics between Sativa and Indica cannabis in order to make the best selection of seeds according to your needs.
Cannabis is a plant considered to be of the monotypic genus, which comes from the Cannabaceae family. This means that there is only one species in the genus “cannabis”, although there are commonly three: sativa, indica and ruderalis. These are actually subspecies, but each one has particular characteristics that differentiate them, and that make them chosen by growers throughout the world according to what they are trying to achieve. However, being actually the same species, they can be crossed without problems, which has given rise to innumerable hybrids with a greater or lesser proportion in their genetics of one or the other. The two most popular varieties are sativa and indica, since ruderalis is low in THC, although thanks to its shorter cycle, it includes a percentage of autoflowering varieties. Let’s see then
But … And How Do They Hit?
Origin Of Sativa And Indica
Both subspecies of marijuana would be varied adaptations for each climate, Sativa cannabis comes from the jungles of equatorial areas of countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, Jamaica, Colombia and Mexico among others, where they receive more hours of sun and where the light does not vary throughout year. The Indica variety is native to the Hindu Kush area, a gigantic mountain range of more than 800 kilometers where Afghanistan, Pakistan, North India and even China are found, where the climate is quite cold.
Sativa And Indica Climate
Cannabis Sativa is a variety that adapts better to the heat of tropical climates, since it does not resist low temperatures, a good quality is that it is able to prevent fungi that are frequently produced by humidity. Indicas come from mountainous climates so they produce marijuana plants that are able to withstand wind, rain, and frost.
Characteristics Of The Sativa And Indica Plant
Sativa marijuana plants reach a height of approximately 3 to 5 meters and due to their size they are usually grown outdoors. The leaves are long, thin and the flowering time is longer, lasting around 14 weeks. The production is extensive and the buds are usually larger and more resinous than those of the Indica plants, but once dry their weight tends to be less, since they are less dense.
The Indica marijuana plants, as opposed to the Sativas, reach a lower height of 1 to 2 meters, they produce less amount of buds, but they are denser and heavier. The leaves of the plant are short and thick and the smell they produce tends to be stronger than that of cannabis sativa.
Sativa Indica Effects
Cannabis Sativa produces an effect of euphoria and of greater interaction than Indica, perception is accentuated by enjoying more colors and sounds, stimulating creativity and thought. It is used for stress, anxiety, depression, nausea, migraine and for increased appetite, among other benefits.
The Indica produces a very relaxing effect on a p
hysical and mental level, unlike the stimulating effect of Sativa. It is very effective for insomnia and widely used to treat tremors, spasms, permanent pain, anxiety, stress and lack of appetite.
When to grow marijuana in Chile?
The average ideal temperature for grow
ing marijuana seeds is about 25 ° C and should be kept between 18 ° C and 30 ° C, cannabis plants are capable of supporting less and more degrees but they would not be the ideal conditions. In Chile the best months to grow outdoors are from September to December where we have longer hours of light and the most optimal climatic conditions for growing.
|Physical appearance||In general it is a robust and compact plant. Its buds are dense, thick and are usually very aromatic.||Sativa is higher than indica. Also, its buds are larger but less dense. It is not as aromatic as indicated.|
|Origin||On the one hand, the plants of this variety are native to Asia; Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Nepal, etc.||As for sativa, this is native to equatorial areas around the world: Thailand, Mexico, Jamaica, India (in the south), etc.|
|Flowering||Its flowering is relatively fast: between 45 and 60 days.||On the other hand, the flowering of sativa takes between 60 and 90 days.|
|Effects (consumption)||The consumption of this variety is commonly preferred if what is sought is to relax and enhance the senses. It can cause lethargy, drowsiness and heaviness.||Instead, sativa has a strong psychoactive or psychedelic high. It increases energy levels, facilitates creative processes and often puts those who consume it in a good mood.|