It should be noted that metabolism is the set of chemical and biological processes that occur continuously in the living cells of an organism. This allows cells to carry out their main activities, such as reproduction, growth, maintenance of their structures and the response to the stimuli they receive.The functioning of metabolism is due to two different processes, but they are coupled and dependent on each other, they are anabolism and catabolism. However, despite the fact that these processes are closely related, they are different processes and with different functional characteristics.As can be seen, there are several differences found between anabolism and catabolism, the two fundamental processes of metabolism. In summary we have to:
Anabolism is a synthetic reaction while catabolism is a degradative reaction.
During catabolism energy is released while in anabolism energy is consumed.
Anabolism is a reduction reaction while catabolism is an oxidative process.
Metabolism is all the biochemical reactions and physical-chemical processes that, in short, give way to life. In fact, this process or series of processes begins at the moment of conception and stops at death. The body gets the energy it needs to carry out a myriad of activities from metabolizing nutrients from food. These processes take place within the cells of all living organisms and allow activities such as growing, thinking, responding to stimuli, and reproducing to take place. Metabolism is divided into two phases, catabolism and anabolism.
|Also called…||Constructive metabolism, constructive phase.||Destructive metabolism, destructive phase.|
|Definition||It is the phase of metabolism concerning chemical reactions in which simple substances are transformed into complex substances. It is the process of construction, growth, manufacture, storage or synthesis. Thanks to this, body tissues are maintained and energy reserves are created for future uses. It is also the basis of the growth of each of the cells of a living being.||On the contrary, they are all chemical reactions in which a complex organic compound is transformed into even simpler substances. It is the process where the energy necessary to live is produced. In this, large molecules are decomposed and energy is obtained. This energy is the fuel that anabolism needs to happen. It also allows you to move the body, warm it, etc.|
|Relationship with energy||Requires energy
It is consumed by the body.
Releases it for the body.
|What kind of reaction is it?||In the case of anabolism, it is an endergonic reaction, reduction and synthesis.||Catabolism, on the other hand, is an exergonic, degradative, and oxidative reaction.|
|Reaction||Endergonic, reduction and synthesis or construction.||Exergonic, degrading or destructive and oxidative.|
|Molecules||Complex molecules are produced from simple molecules.||Simple molecules are produced from complex molecules.|
|Examples||Photosynthesis is an example of anabolism.
When amino acids are converted to protein, glucose to glycogen and fatty acids to triglycerides.
|On the other hand, fermentations are examples of catabolism.
When proteins are converted to amino acids, proteins to glucose, glycogen to glucose, and triglycerides to fatty acids.