CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Xenon: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Xenon and atomic properties with characteristics. Xenon is a colorless chemical element with atomic number 54. Its symbol is Xe and it belongs to the group of noble gases and its usual state in nature is gaseous. Xenon is located at position 54 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of xenon and information about xenon and other elements of the periodic table such as iodine, helium, boron or carbon. You will also learn what xenon is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with xenon such as its atomic number or the usual state in which xenon can be found.

You can see qualities of xenon such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in xenon atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Xenon properties

Noble gases like xenon have little tendency to participate in chemical reactions. Xenon, like the rest of noble gases, has the following properties: It is colorless, odorless and shows a very low chemical reactivity under normal conditions.

The state of xenon in its natural form is gaseous (not magnetic). Xenon is a colorless chemical element and belongs to the group of noble gases. The atomic number of xenon is 54. The chemical symbol for xenon is Xe. The melting point of xenon is 161.4 degrees Kelvin or -110.75 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of xenon is 165.1 degrees Kelvin or -107.05 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of xenon

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find xenon within the periodic table of elements, xenon is in group 18 (VIIIA) and period 5. Xenon has an atomic mass of 131.293 u.

The electron configuration of xenon is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The atomic radius or Bohr radius of xenon is 108 pm, its covalent radius is 130 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 216 pm. Xenon has a total of 54 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons.

Xenon characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of xenon.

Xenon
Chemical symbol Xe
Atomic number 54
Group 18 (VIIIA)
Period 5
Appearance colorless
Block p
Density 5.9 kg / m3
Atomic mass 131,293 u
Atomic radio 108
Covalent radius 130 pm
Van der Waals radio 216 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Oxide weak acid
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
State gaseous
Melting point 161.4 K
Boiling point 165.1 K
Heat of fusion 2,297 kJ / mol
Electronegativity 2.6
Specific heat 158 J / (Kkg)
Thermal conductivity 0.00569 W / (K m)

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