CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Osmium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Osmium and atomic properties with characteristics. Osmium is a grayish-blue chemical element with atomic number 76. Its symbol is Os and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Osmium is located at position 76 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of osmium and information about osmium and other elements of the periodic table such as ruthenium, hassium, rhenium or iridium. You will also learn what osmium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with osmium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which osmium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of osmium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in osmium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of osmium

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which osmium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which osmium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that osmium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which osmium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of osmium in its natural form is solid. Osmium is a grayish-blue chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of osmium is 76. The chemical symbol for osmium is Os. Osmium’s melting point is 3306 degrees Kelvin or 3033.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of osmium is 5285 degrees Kelvin or 5012.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic Properties of Osmium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find osmium within the periodic table of elements, osmium is in group 8 and period 6. Osmium has an atomic mass of 190.23 u.

The electron configuration of osmium is [Xe] 4f145d66s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of osmium is 130 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 185 pm, and its covalent radius is 128 pm.

Osmium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of osmium.

Osmium
Chemical symbol You
Atomic number 76
Group 8
Period 6
Appearance grayish blue
Block d
Density 22610 kg / m3
Atomic mass 190.23 u
Medium radius 130 pm
Atomic radio 185
Covalent radius 128 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f145d66s2
Oxidation states + -0.7 (slightly acidic)
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 3306K
Boiling point 5285K
Heat of fusion 31.8 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 2.52 Pa at 3300 K
Molar volume 8.42 × 10-6 m3 / mol
Electronegativity 2.2 (Pauling)
Specific heat 130 J / (kg K)
Electric conductivity 10.9 × 106 m-1 Ω-1
Thermal conductivity 87.6 W / (m K)

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