CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Europium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Europium and atomic properties with characteristics. Europium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 63. Its symbol is Eu and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Europium is located at position 63 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of europium and information about europium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what europium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with europium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which europium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of europium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in europium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of europium

Europium is part of the group of lanthanides. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of europium in its natural form is solid. Europium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number for europium is 63. The chemical symbol for europium is Eu. The melting point of europium is 1,099 degrees Kelvin or 826.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of Europium is 1800 degrees Kelvin or 1527.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic Properties of Europium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of the elements, it can be found in period 6. Europium has an atomic mass of 151.964 u.

The electron configuration of the europium is [Xe] 6s24f7. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of europium is 185 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 231 pm. Europium has a total of 63 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 25 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

Characteristics of europium

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of europium.

Europium
Chemical symbol Eu
Atomic number 63
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block F
Density 5244 kg / m3
Atomic mass 151,964 u
Medium radius 185 pm
Atomic radio 231
Electronic configuration [Xe] 6s24f7
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure body-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1099K
Boiling point 1800K
Heat of fusion 9.21 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 144 Pa at 1095 K
Electronegativity 1.2
Specific heat 180 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 1.12106S / m
Thermal conductivity 13.9 W / (K m)

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