CONCEPTS

What is Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder is an anxiety syndrome characterized by recurring panic attacks, along with fear of their implications and significant subjective distress. What is Panic Disorder

Panic attacks What is Panic Disorder

These are marked episodes of anxiety, in which there is a significant discharge of the autonomic nervous system. They usually peak in minutes and last no more than an hour.

To be characterized as panic, seizures must have at least four of the following symptoms: palpitations, tachycardia, shortness of breath, choking, sweating, trembling, tingling, anesthesia, chills, flushing, dizziness, unsteadiness, chest pain, nausea, lack of understanding. (feeling that the family environment is strange), depersonalization (strangeness about oneself) and fear of dying, going crazy, losing control or having a heart attack.

Diagnostic Criteria

The diagnosis is organized and standardized by the ICD – 11 (International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) published by the WHO, and the diagnostic and statistical manual DSM-5 elaborated by the American Psychiatric Association. What is Panic Disorder

For this, in addition to evaluations of the functional deficiencies of the subject, it is necessary to have panic attacks repeatedly and unexpectedly, followed by at least one month of persistent concern about the possibility of new crises, or their consequences and changes. behavior to relate to.

The disorder can be accompanied by agoraphobia, distress related to a conglomeration of people in large spaces or places from which it is difficult to escape.

Other common comorbidities are borderline, avoidant, and paranoid personality disorders.

Treatment What is Panic Disorder

The treatment of panic disorder consists of psychotherapy, possibly associated with psychiatric follow-up, medication and complementary therapies. What is Panic Disorder

It is possible to seek assistance in the private network, and also for free in the CAPS (Psychosocial Care Center) and in the Basic Health Units (Family Health, Health Posts and Health Centers).

In addition, it is possible to dial 188 – CVV (Life Valuation Center) to converse and obtain emotional support, in secret, 24 hours a day. What is Panic Disorder

Tips for Panic Attack

  • Close your eyes and breathe deeply. Diaphragmatic breathing is one of the most effective against anxiety: inhale for the count of four, hold your breath for two seconds, and exhale at six.
  • Focus on familiar physical sensations. Holding ice cubes and trying to focus on the cold and burning can be a good alternative. What is Panic Disorder
  • Practice grounding. The technique consists of working the attention to the moment and now. To do this, look around you and find five things that can be seen, four that can be touched, three that can be heard, two that can be smelled, and one that can be tasted.
  • Imagine that you are in a nice and cozy place. It can be your house, a beach or a fictional place. What is Panic Disorder

Thought Panorama

Education is important for the promotion of the quality of life of the subject and the people with whom he lives.
Access to information combats the stigma attributed to personnel. As a consequence, problems related to self-evaluation and treatment of the subject as taboo will decrease.

Finally, it is important not to use terms like “fear” and “lack of control” in a pejorative way. The misuse of these words can belittle the feelings of those diagnosed. What is Panic Disorder

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