We explain what is industrial safety, the main risks of industrial activity and its internal and external factors.
What is Industrial Safety?
Industrial safety is a socially originated concept in modern times , and it develops as the techniques and technologies reached and were applied to the progressive stages of industrial production.
The security applied to the industrial sector implies the joint use of multiple disciplines that are responsible for minimizing the possible risks in the industries . Part of the budget that all complex and industrial activity entails dangers inherent in industrial techniques and processes that need proper management to reduce them to a minimum.
As for its etymological origin, it comes from Latin, on the one hand ” securitas “ that we could specify as “security, quality of being careless” and, on the other, ” industrial ” that comes from “industry”, and refers to “Industriousness”.
We can divide the main risks that industrial activity entails into two broad categories:
- Endogenous risks : These are risks linked to internal accidents typical of the activity that the worker applies, in the manual, or in the operational.
- Exogenous risks : Risks that have to do with the context in which it develops, the important environmental impact that the industry brings and the devastation of resources , for example, can have an impact on the population of inhabitants or entire regions.
As for internal or endogenous factors, the protection of workers (through appropriate clothing, elements and tools that must be certified by the state body responsible for labor safety) is required for the control and minimization of accidents as well as the protection of accidents. medical monitoring of the worker, the implementation of technical assiduous controls.
It is also important to offer workers the necessary knowledge , through training, to be able to perform the tasks in such a way that they can avoid suffering accidents, dangers or diseases in their work activity, the training of the worker is a key factor that has the potential to be able to significantly reduce occupational risk.
Regarding external or exogenous factors, companies and industries must comply with national or provincial legislation that determines the procedures and techniques that can be applied in order to reduce the environmental impact .
From the governmental point of view, environmental monitoring controls can be carried out , reliable studies of the consequences of the environmental impact of the industrial activity in the peripheral zone to the industry.
The industry or company should not expect that only the state is responsible for external industrial security , the frequent use of statistics makes it possible to warn about the sectors in which accidents usually occur in order to accentuate precautions.
The concept of industrial safety is always relative , since it is almost impossible to be able to guarantee that accidents will never occur in the workplace, even though its objective is to achieve the greatest effectiveness in reducing hazards and risks.
It is also important to keep in mind that industrial companies often decide not to invest in security in order to save costs and maximize profits , which ends up putting workers’ lives at risk .