We elaborate the uses of Rhodium and atomic properties with characteristics. Rhodium is a chemical element with a metallic silvery white appearance with atomic number 45. Its symbol is Rh and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Rhodium is located at position 45 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of rhodium and information about rhodium and other elements of the periodic table such as cobalt, iridium, ruthenium or palladium. You will also learn what rhodium is for and what its uses are through its properties associated with rhodium, such as its atomic number or the usual state in which rhodium can be found.
You can see qualities of rhodium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in rhodium atoms and other properties.
For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which rhodium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which rhodium belongs, there are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that rhodium has, as well as those of the rest of the transition metals, is that of including the d orbital, partially filled with electrons, in its electronic configuration. Properties of this type of metal, among which rhodium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.
The state of rhodium in its natural form is solid. Rhodium is a metallic silver-white chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of rhodium is 45. The chemical symbol for rhodium is Rh. The melting point of rhodium is 2237 degrees Kelvin or 1964.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of rhodium is 3968 degrees Kelvin or 3695.85 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade.
Atomic properties of rhodium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find rhodium within the periodic table of elements, rhodium is in group 9 and period 5. Rhodium has an atomic mass of 102.90550 u.
The electron configuration of rhodium is [Kr] 4d8 5s1. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Rhodium’s mean radius is 135 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 173 pm, and its covalent radius is 135 pm.
Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of rhodium.
|Atomic number||Four. Five|
|Appearance||white silver metallic|
|Density||12450 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||102.90550 u|
|Medium radius||135 pm|
|Covalent radius||135 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Kr] 4d8 5s1|
|Oxidation states||2, 3, 4 (amphoteric)|
|Crystal structure||face-centered cubic|
|Heat of fusion||21.5 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||0.633 Pa at 2239 K|
|Specific heat||242 J / (kg K)|
|Electric conductivity||21.1 × 106 m-1 Ω-1|
|Thermal conductivity||150 W / (m K)|