Palladium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Palladium and atomic properties with characteristics. Palladium is a metallic silver-white chemical element with atomic number 46. Its symbol is Pd and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Palladium is located at position 46 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of palladium and information about palladium and other elements of the periodic table such as nickel, platinum, rhodium or silver. You will also learn what palladium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with palladium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which palladium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of palladium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in palladium atoms and other properties.

For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Palladium properties

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which palladium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which palladium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that palladium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which palladium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points, and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of palladium in its natural form is solid. Palladium is a metallic silver-white chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. Palladium’s atomic number is 46. Palladium’s chemical symbol is Pd. The melting point of palladium is 1828.05 degrees Kelvin or 1555.9 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade. The boiling point of palladium is 3236 degrees Kelvin or 2963.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.

Atomic Properties of Palladium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position to find palladium within the periodic table of elements, palladium is in group 10 and period 5. Palladium has an atomic mass of 106.42 u.

The electron configuration of palladium is [Kr] 4d10. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Palladium’s mean radius is 140 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 169 pm, its covalent radius is 131 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 163 pm. Palladium has a total of 46 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 18 electrons and in the fourth, 18 electrons.

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Palladium Characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of palladium.

Chemical symbol P.S
Atomic number 46
Group 10
Period 5
Appearance white silver metallic
Block d
Density 12023 kg / m3
Atomic mass 106.42 u
Medium radius 140 pm
Atomic radio 169
Covalent radius 131 pm
Van der Waals radio 163 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18
Oxidation states +2
Oxide slightly basic)
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1828.05 K
Boiling point 3236K
Heat of fusion 17.6 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 1.33 Pa at 1825 K
Electronegativity 2.20
Specific heat 244 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 9.5106 [1] S / m
Thermal conductivity 71.8 W / (K m)

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