We elaborate the uses of Palladium and atomic properties with characteristics. Palladium is a metallic silver-white chemical element with atomic number 46. Its symbol is Pd and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Palladium is located at position 46 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of palladium and information about palladium and other elements of the periodic table such as nickel, platinum, rhodium or silver. You will also learn what palladium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with palladium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which palladium can be found.
You will be able to see qualities of palladium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in palladium atoms and other properties.
For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which palladium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which palladium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that palladium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which palladium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points, and being good conductors of electricity and heat.
The state of palladium in its natural form is solid. Palladium is a metallic silver-white chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. Palladium’s atomic number is 46. Palladium’s chemical symbol is Pd. The melting point of palladium is 1828.05 degrees Kelvin or 1555.9 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade. The boiling point of palladium is 3236 degrees Kelvin or 2963.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.
Atomic Properties of Palladium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position to find palladium within the periodic table of elements, palladium is in group 10 and period 5. Palladium has an atomic mass of 106.42 u.
The electron configuration of palladium is [Kr] 4d10. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Palladium’s mean radius is 140 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 169 pm, its covalent radius is 131 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 163 pm. Palladium has a total of 46 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 18 electrons and in the fourth, 18 electrons.
Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of palladium.
|Appearance||white silver metallic|
|Density||12023 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||106.42 u|
|Medium radius||140 pm|
|Covalent radius||131 pm|
|Van der Waals radio||163 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Kr] 4d10|
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 18|
|Crystal structure||face-centered cubic|
|Melting point||1828.05 K|
|Heat of fusion||17.6 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||1.33 Pa at 1825 K|
|Specific heat||244 J / (Kkg)|
|Electric conductivity||9.5106  S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||71.8 W / (K m)|