e elaborate the uses of Ruthenium and atomic properties with characteristics. Ruthenium is a grayish-white chemical element with atomic number 44. Its symbol is Ru and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Ruthenium is located at position 44 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of ruthenium and information about ruthenium and other elements of the periodic table such as iron, osmium, technetium or rhodium. You will also learn what ruthenium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with ruthenium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which ruthenium can be found.
You will be able to see qualities of ruthenium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information on its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in ruthenium atoms and other properties.
For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which ruthenium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which ruthenium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that ruthenium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is to include in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which ruthenium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.
The state of ruthenium in its natural form is solid. Ruthenium is a grayish-white chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of ruthenium is 44. The chemical symbol for ruthenium is Ru. The melting point of ruthenium is 2607 degrees Kelvin or 2334.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of ruthenium is 4423 degrees Kelvin or 4150.85 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius.
Uses of ruthenium
Many new uses are emerging for ruthenium. Most are used in the electronics industry for chip resistors and electrical contacts. Ruthenium oxide is used in the chemical industry to coat the anodes of electrochemical cells for the production of chlorine . Ruthenium is also used in catalysts for the production of ammonia and acetic acid. Ruthenium compounds can be used in solar cells, which convert light energy into electrical energy.
platinum and palladium , and is alloyed with these metals to make electrical contacts for severe wear resistance. It is used in some jewelry as an alloy with platinum.
Atomic properties of ruthenium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find ruthenium in the periodic table of elements, ruthenium is in group 8 and period 5. Ruthenium has an atomic mass of 101.07 u.
The electron configuration of ruthenium is [Kr] 4d75s1. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of ruthenium is 130 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 178 pm, and its covalent radius is 126 pm. Ruthenium has a total of 44 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 15 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 1 electron.
Below you can see a table where the main characteristics of ruthenium are shown.
|Density||12370 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||101.07 u|
|Medium radius||130 pm|
|Covalent radius||126 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Kr] 4d75s1|
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 15, 1|
|Oxidation states||2, 3, 4, 6, 8|
|Heat of fusion||24 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||1.4 Pa at 2523 K|
|Specific heat||238 J / (Kkg)|
|Electric conductivity||13.7106S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||117 W / (Km)|