We explain what tourism is and what its benefits are from different points of view. In addition, the different types of tourists.
What is tourism?
Tourism is the displacement of people temporarily and voluntarily . Within this concept, the human relationships that they entail and the provision of services must be included . Although the reasons for tourism are varied, they are usually related to leisure.
Tourism is very important from a social, cultural and economic point of view . Thanks to tourism, investment in infrastructure constructions and buildings increases significantly , it generates a higher level of development in the areas involved, the means of transport are usually improved in terms of quality and frequency, as well as foreign exchange, Unemployment rates decrease markedly, generating greater well-being in the affected communities.
From the cultural point of view it is very useful since it not only allows the appreciation of culture , traditions , geography, crafts and other aspects of members outside the community, but also allows the valorization and awareness within the same community . In addition, in a medium of cultural exchange, where people from diverse backgrounds live together and share ideas and customs.
Expand: 8 Definitions to understand what tourism is .
Types of tourism
It should be noted that not all tourists have the same characteristics or objectives . In broad strokes four large groups can be defined:
- Popular sectors The first is made up of the popular sectors. It is made up of salaried workers . It is considered that in our country the promotion for tourism of these sectors began in the forties. Many times you get benefits from the state or other institutions where you work. They are usually rather short trips, exclusively for holiday purposes. There are usually no travel agencies involved, they are made on their own. Many times accommodations created by the state are used and the place of your stay does not usually vary.
- Middle class. The second group is made up of people belonging to the middle class, that is, state workers, professionals and employees of high categories. Generally they usually mobilize on their own, during vacation time. They use a large part of their savings in good quality services. The places visited are usually tourist and the stays are characterized by being short.
- Upper class. The third group is composed of the members of the upper classes. As they are sectors with necessary means, they are often not limited to their countries of origin. In addition, their stays are usually prolonged and they make many expenses every day . They usually use various services such as tours that include guides or translators in case they don’t know the language. These types of trips are usually organized by tourism agencies. The means of transport used by members of this group are usually fast.
- Young boys. The fourth group is made up of young people, mostly students. It is for these tourists that other places for the stay are often designed such as hostels, hostels, etc. Even many young people choose to use the campsites. In addition, in certain countries they enjoy privileges regarding the price of means of transportation or food. These trips are usually very cheap and many opt for spontaneity. In other words, they do not have a fixed destination but they quickly change their place of stay. That is why neither agencies nor tour guides are used.