We explain what anatomy is and what this science studies. Types of anatomy, and examples of human anatomy systems.
What is anatomy?
Anatomy is a science that studies the structure of living beings , that is, the arrangement of their bones and organs and the relationship between them. It is also called anatomy to the very structure of living beings . This term is widely used in sciences such as medicine and biology .
The word anatomy comes from the Greek ana (which means above ) and volumes (means to cut ) . The combination of these words means to dissect, and it is not random since the basis of the anatomy is to dissect corpses for study. Those who study any branch of biology, should study yes or yes anatomy, whether human or animal, including plant.
Thanks to anatomical studies, great discoveries can be made in science and, together with the advancement of technology, scientists discover more and more events.
There are many subdivisions of the anatomy, such as:
- Descriptive anatomy
- Regional anatomy
- Comparative anatomy
- Pathological anatomy
- Functional anatomy
Apparatus and systems of the human anatomy
- Endocrine system . Study the hormonal behavior of the glands.
- Nervous system . Study the synaptic and communication processes ofthe brain.
- Bone system . Study the composition and structure of the bones.
- Cardiovascular system. Study the heart and its components.
- Immune system. Study the behavior of viruses and bacteria in the human body, as well as their defense systems.
- Muscular system . Study the muscular structure of the body and movements.
- Respiratory apparatus . Study all the organs that allow breathing.
- Circulatory . Study all the components related to blood transport.
- Reproductive system. Study both the male and female reproductive organs.
- Locomotor apparatus . Study all the systems that allow body movement.
- Digestive . Study all the organs involved in the process offeeding and digestion.
- Excretory system. Study the organs that are directly involved in the disposal of waste.