Types of Sushi

Although there is traditional sushi, such as  nigiri  and  temaki  , some restaurants sometimes change the fillings and flavors by creating their own versions and adding a touch of local cuisine to the dish. different types of sushi

Currently, the gastronomy offers a wide variety of sushi, which it offers to the public, including vegan and fried sushi.

Take a look at the main types of sushi below.

Nigirizushi different types of sushi

Popularly known as  nigiri  (or  niguiri  ), this type of sushi consists of a hand-molded rice ball. The preparation includes a little wasabi and a dressing made with a thin layer of fish.

The  wasabi  is a spicy seasoning paste texture and flavor that is often used in Japanese cuisine. different types of sushi

The type of fish used to make Nigirizushi can vary depending on the time of year; it is customary to use the fish of the season.

The most used are salmon, tuna, sea bass, snapper, roosterfish and sole.

There are also varieties of nigiri whose rice is covered with seafood such as shrimp, squid, octopus and cockles.

Depending on the type of topping, it may or may not adhere to the rice ball with a small strip of  nori.

Gunkanzushi different types of sushi

Also called  gunkanmaki  and  gunkan  , gunkanzushi is a sushi that is slightly smaller in size compared to other varieties.

Made in a traditional way, this type of sushi consists of a rice base covered by the filling that, instead of being in the middle, is placed on top.

One of the most used ingredients as a filling / dressing for Gunkanzushi is fish eggs. different types of sushi

The delicacy is finished with a strip of nori that wraps it.

Varieties whose coverage is made up of small pieces of tuna, salmon or omelette are also common.

Makizushi different types of sushi

Makizushi is a general nomenclature used to designate generally cylindrical sushi wrapped in a sheet of nori.

Within this category, the most common sushi are:


Hossomaki has the typical and traditional composition of sushi: a filling that is surrounded by a layer of rice surrounded by a sheet of nori. different types of sushi

A peculiarity of hossomaki is that the rolls are slightly thinner than the rolls of the other varieties of sushi. For this reason, most of the time, hossomaki has only one filling.

The thickness of the delicacy is present in its own name:  hosso  means “thin” and  maki  means “rolled”, that is to say, hossomaki means “thin rolled”.

The main types of hossomaki are  shakemaki  ,  kappamaki,  and  tekkamaki  .

Shakemaki different types of sushi

Shakemaki is the traditional rolled sushi with salmon filling. For this reason, shakemaki is also known simply as salmon maki.


Unlike most hossomakis, kappamaki does not have a filling consisting of chunks of fish or shellfish, but rather chunks or slices of cucumber. different types of sushi

A curious fact is that, in addition to being a  vegan sushi  , its name is inspired by  Kappa  , being mythological from Japanese folklore, whose favorite food is cucumber.

The Kappa is a green amphibian that has a shell similar to that of a tortoise and a kind of hole in its head with a liquid that is said to be its source of energy. It is said that when this hole is injured or when the liquid is spilled, the Kappa loses its power.


Despite the similarity to traditional types of sushi, what characterizes tekkamaki is the fact that its filling is made exclusively of tuna. different types of sushi


The term “uramaki”, as well as the term “makizushi”, is a general nomenclature used to designate all types of sushi that have a rolled nori sheet.

So at first it looks like sushi like the others. However, it has a peculiar characteristic. different types of sushi

Unlike other types of sushi, it has the nori strip on the inside, directly wrapping the filling.

Due to this peculiarity, some say that uramaki is a sushi upside down.

During the 1960s, when sushi began to gain fame, some customers complained about the texture of nori. Thus, a chef had the idea of ​​hiding it inside the delicacy, creating a kind of sushi.

Difference between hossomaki and uramaki

What differentiates a hossomaki from a uramaki is the way they are “put together.” different types of sushi

In hossomaki, the nori (seaweed) is rolled on the outside, making it the outermost layer of the sushi. In uramaki (roll upside down), the nori is an inner layer, which surrounds the filling and is surrounded by the layer of rice.

Despite these differences, both are classified as  makizushi  , that is, they are rolled sushi. different types of sushi


Futomaki is a cylindrical sushi in a much larger shape than other varieties of sushi.

Due to its larger circumference, futomaki tends to have much more padding.

The base for the futomaki filling is made up of  Tamagoyaki  , which is a type of typically Japanese omelette.

In addition to the omelette, the futomaki filling includes a variety of combined ingredients, such as ginger, vegetables, fish, and roots. v


Temaki is perhaps the most peculiar shaped sushi of all because it is large and shaped like a cone.

Despite being a type of rolled sushi, it differs from other makizushi because it is not made up of layers.

Composed of a nori sheet rolled by hand into a conical shape, the temaki is filled with rice, raw fish, shellfish, vegetables and / or fruits to the brim. different types of sushi

Hot rolls different types of sushi

Hot rolls are rolled sushi, composed of filling, a layer of rice and a strip of nori that surrounds it.

After mixing, the hot buns are breaded and deep-fried.

They are a great alternative for those who fear eating sushi for the raw material, for example.

One of the most common types of hot rolls is the cream cheese filling and is called  Hot Philadelphia  in reference to the name of a famous brand of this type of cheese. There is also the hot skin, whose filling is made with the crispy skin of the fish.

Learn more about  cream cheese. different types of sushi

Sushi joe different types of sushi

Joe sushi, whose spelling has become popular in different ways (such as  Jow  ,  Djô  and  Djow  ), is one of the few types of sushi that does not have the nori sheet in its composition.

It is a sushi of simple preparation made like a rice ball surrounded by a thin strip of fish and that can be covered with roe, pieces of fish and / or various spices.

Joe sushi is said to have been improvised by a chef nicknamed Joe, in a restaurant where, in the middle of the day, they ran out of nori sheets. different types of sushi

To continue fulfilling customer requests, the chef would have decided to substitute the nori for strips of fish.

Difference between sushi and sashimi

Although there are a lot of Japanese food lovers around the world, there are still many doubts about what sushi really is and what is sashimi. different types of sushi

The truth is that, although both are delicacies that are part of oriental gastronomy, they constitute different types of dishes.

Contrary to what many people think,  sashimi is not a type of sushi  .

While sushi consists of stuffing or dressing, rice, and nori, sashimi is a piece of raw fish or seafood that can be eaten with shoyo  or  wasabi sauce   .


Learn more about  sashimi  and  wasabi  .

Curiosity different types of sushi

A very curious fact about sushi is that, originally, it was prepared quite differently.

The Japanese used to “pack” fish in rice and let it sit long enough for a fermentation process to take place.

As soon as the process was completed, only the fish was consumed and the rice was discarded.different types of sushi

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