We explain what universal values are, what disciplines they study and various examples. In addition, other types of values.
What are universal values?
Universal values are the set of norms that are perceived as positive and that govern behavior and coexistence within a society , at a given time. These values shape Human Rights .
The philosophy , the ethics and morals are the disciplines that deal with the study of universal values. Within philosophy, axiology is the branch that is responsible for its study and addresses values according to their objectivity and subjectivity, together with the so-called “negative values.”
Universal values can be shared by different cultures and transmitted through school and family education. The media also have a fundamental role in the dissemination and guarantee of these values.
Examples of universal values
Some examples of universal values are:
- Friendship . It is the link that is established between at least two people who estimate and accept each other, beyond their differences and defects.
- Responsibility . It is the virtue of taking charge of the decisions made at will.
- Tolerance . It is the ability to accept differences of worship, religion , language or ideology, which allows us to live among diversity .
- Freedom . It is the ability to act with free will and according to personal desires, without selfishness and without affecting third parties.
- Paz . They are the actions of concord that allow coexistence in harmony with the rest of the individuals.
- Truth . It consists of saying, doing or thinking what it feels like.
- Honesty . It is a virtue that is linked to dignity and sincerity, prioritizing the truth and building trust.
- Love . It is a positive and open feeling towards other people, it is an inclination towards beauty and good.
- Goodness . It is the main moral virtue that involves the realization of good.
- Learning . It is the absorption of new knowledge and skills to improve as a person.
- Perseverance . It involves maintaining attempts to reach a goal , beyond the obstacles and difficulties that arise along the way.
- Justice . It is the search for balance, the intention of giving everyone what they deserve.
- Empathy . It is the ability to put oneself in the place of the other to understand the situation they are going through, their emotions, feelings and attitudes.
- Boldly . It is the ability to carry out actions, without hesitation and determination.
- Respect . It is the virtue of considering the dignity of the other, his situation, his merits and values.
- Solidarity . It implies collaborating with the cause of third parties: they are the responsibilities assumed towards the rest of the people.
- Altruism . It involves attending third parties without expecting anything in return.
- Thankfulness . It is the recognition of the help of third parties.
- Self control . It is the virtue of controlling impulses and negative emotions.
- Wisdom . It is the acquisition of knowledge and experiences to improve the activities that people carry out within a society.
- Compassion . It implies the understanding of the suffering of third parties, without neglecting the reasons that caused it.
Relative values are those values that vary according to the social context and the qualities of the person : their social class , personal history, age, sex or nationality.
Relative values are not shared by all cultures and vary over time and according to each person. These values are considered “low intensity” and are temporary.