We elaborate the uses of Titanium and atomic properties with characteristics. Titanium is a silver-looking chemical element with an atomic number 22. Its symbol is Ti and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Titanium is located at position 22 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of titanium and information about titanium and other elements on the periodic table such as zirconium, scandium, vanadium or chromium. You will also learn what titanium is for and you will learn what its uses are through its properties associated with titanium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which titanium can be found.
You will be able to see qualities of titanium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in titanium atoms and other properties.
For some elements, some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
Transition metals, also called transition elements is the group to which titanium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which titanium belongs, there are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that titanium has, as well as those of the rest of the transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially full of electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which is titanium are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.
The state of titanium in its natural form is solid. Titanium is a silver-colored chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. Titanium’s atomic number is 22. The chemical symbol for titanium is Ti. The melting point of titanium is 1941 degrees Kelvin or 1668.85 degrees celsius or degrees centigrade. The boiling point of titanium is 3,560 degrees Kelvin or 3,287.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.
Uses of titanium
Titanium is a very important metal that was discovered in 1791. If you have ever wondered what titanium is for , here is a list of its possible uses:
- Titanium alloys are used in aircraft and also in helicopters, armor, warships, spacecraft, and missiles. Titanium alloys do not wear easily, they are strong and resistant to corrosion, making them perfect for use in previous applications.
- Most titanium is converted to titanium oxide. This is the white pigment found in toothpaste, paint, paper, and some plastics. Cement and gemstones also contain titanium oxide. Fishing rods and golf clubs are also made stronger through the use of titanium oxide.
- Heat exchangers in desalination plants (which convert water to sea water) are made of titanium, as it is resistant to corrosion in seawater.
- Body piercings are generally made of titanium. Titanium is perfect for this as it can be easily colored and is inert (it will not react with other elements).
- Surgical instruments, wheelchairs, and crutches are made of titanium for high strength and low weight.
- The dental implants are made from titanium. People with titanium dental implants can still go on an MRI machine!
- The hip balls and joint replacements are made of titanium and they can stay in place for about 20 years.
- Many firearms (pistols) are made of titanium as it is a strong and lightweight material.
- The body of notebook computers are often made of titanium.
- Titanium is sometimes used in construction of buildings.
- American football helmet grills, tennis rackets, cricket helmets and bicycle frames are made of titanium.
Atomic properties of titanium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find titanium within the periodic table of the elements, titanium is in group 4 and period 4. Titanium has an atomic mass of 47,867 u.
The electronic configuration for titanium is [Ar] 3d24s2. The electronic configuration of the elements, determines the form in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Titanium’s mean radius is 140 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 176 pm, and its covalent radius is 136 pm. Titanium has a total of 22 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 10 electrons and in the fourth one, 2 electrons.
Below you can see a table showing the main characteristics of titanium.
|Density||4507 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||47,867 u|
|Average radius||140 pm|
|Covalent radius||136 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Ar] 3d24s2|
|Electrons per layer||2, 8, 10, 2|
|Melting point||1941 K|
|Boiling point||3560 K|
|Heat of fusion||15.45 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||0.49 Pa at 1933 K|
|Specific heat||520 J / (K · kg)|
|Electric conductivity||2.38 × 106S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||21.9 W / (Km)|