Mercury: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Mercury and atomic properties with characteristics. Mercury is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 80. Its symbol is Hg and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is liquid. Mercury is located at position 80 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of mercury and information about mercury and other elements of the periodic table such as cadmium, copernicium, gold or thallium. You will also learn what mercury is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with mercury such as its atomic number or the usual state in which mercury can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of mercury such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in mercury atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Mercury properties

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which mercury belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which mercury belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that mercury has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which mercury is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points, and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of mercury in its natural form is liquid. Mercury is a silvery-white chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of mercury is 80. The chemical symbol for mercury is Hg. Mercury’s melting point is 234.32 degrees Kelvin or -37.83 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of mercury is 629.88 degrees Kelvin or 357.73 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of mercury

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find mercury within the periodic table of elements, mercury is in group 12 and period 6. Mercury has an atomic mass of 200.59 u.

The electron configuration of mercury is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Mercury’s mean radius is 150 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 171 pm, its covalent radius is 149 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 155 pm.

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Mercury Characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of mercury.

Chemical symbol Hg
Atomic number 80
Group 12
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block d
Density 13579.04 kg / m3
Atomic mass 200.59 u
Medium radius 150 pm
Atomic radio 171
Covalent radius 149 pm
Van der Waals radio 155 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
Oxidation states 2, 1 (slightly basic)
Crystal structure rhombohedral
State liquid
Melting point 234.32 K
Boiling point 629.88 K
Heat of fusion 2,295 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 0.0002 Pa at 234 ° K
Electronegativity 2.00 (Pauling)
Specific heat 140 J / (kg K)
Electric conductivity 1.04 × 106 m-1 Ω-1
Thermal conductivity 8.34 W / (m K)

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