Rote learning, also known as repetition learning, is a method of learnings by memorizing information. This memorization is usually accomplished by repeating activities such as reading or recitation, and the use of flashcards and other learning aids.
The theory behind this learning technique is that students will memorize facts after repeated study, and then they will be able to recall those facts when necessary.
Young children often learn the alphabet by heart.
In modern times, the practice of rote learningss is highly criticized by some educators and parents who claim that it encourages students to repeat events without necessarily understanding them, and does not encourage students to question or analyze the information they have learned.
However, some educators argue that rote learning is necessary in certain situations. For example, very young children just beginning their education may need to learn certain facts by heart.
These children need to acquire basic knowledge in order to continue developing skills such as critical thinking and creativity.
To learn to read, young children must first memorize the alphabet. The development of higher mathematical skills is preceded by the memorization of the multiplication tables.
Proponents of rote learning claim that analysis and deep understanding of the alphabet or multiplication tables are unnecessary, and that it is more important for children to memorize these facts quickly so that they can begin to learn more complex material.
Proponents of rote learnings argue that learning things like the multiplication table does not require a deeper understanding than rote learnings offers.
Another educational setting in which rote learning can be an appropriate learningv technique is in a special needs classroom.
Students who have mental disabilities or have learning disabilities such as dyslexia or dysgraphia often require repetition to learn new things. In fact, some students with disabilities may only be able to learn by heart.
Studying for a test and taking notes can be considered rote learning.
Sometimes a student may be asked to learn a great deal of material over the course of a short period of time, perhaps when learning lines for a dramatic role.
Alternatively, a student may need to quickly assimilate unfamiliar information, such as vocabulary words in a foreign language or the conjugation of foreign verbs.
In these cases, rote learning is again useful because it promotes rapid memorization.
Actors who need to learn their lines quickly for a performance can employ rote learning.
The practice of studying for a test is actually a type of rote learning. Students can use a series of learning aids to help them remember information as they study.
They take notes or create diagrams, cross-link cards, or create acronyms or short poems to use as mnemonic devices.
Some students with disabilities may only be able to learn by heart.