What is considered Renaissance literature?
What is Renaissance literature known for?
Renaissance Literature Characteristics
What are the 5 characteristics of the Renaissance?
The seven characteristics of the Renaissance are as follows:
- Rebirth of Naturalism.
- Perspective and Depth in Art.
- Create Non-Religious Themes.
- Privately Owned Art.
- Advancements in new technologies such as printing and gunpowder.
- The shift in the balance of power among Europe’s ruling elite.
- Hamlet by William Shakespeare
- The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli
- Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes
- King Lear by William Shakespeare
- Paradise Lost by John Milton
- Utopia by Sir Thomas More
- Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
- The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri
Literary Works of the Renaissance
Renaissance literary works were part of a very fruitful period for the West. The main and most important are Hamlet, Romeo, and Juliet, Divine Comedy, Prince, Utopia, and Don Quixote de la Mancha.
The Renaissance is a period of learning that began in Italy around the 16th century, spread northwards, including England, and ended in the middle of the 17th century.
During this period, a renewed interest in and research into antiquity arose. But this age is not only about “rebirth”. It was also a time of new discoveries, both geographical (the discovery of the New World, or America) and intellectual.
Both of these types of discoveries brought about very important changes in Western civilization. For example, in science, Copernicus (1473-1543) attempted to show that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the planetary system, fundamentally changing the dominant cosmological views of ancient and medieval times.
Martin Luther (1483-1546) challenged religion and eventually caused a schism in one of the most orthodox institutions in medieval Europe, the Catholic Church. In fact, Renaissance thinkers often saw themselves as modern architects.
In addition, some important political changes took place during this period. Some of the noblest ideals of the time were expressed by the movement known as Humanism, which provided brilliant ideas on how to create literary works.
Renaissance thinkers tended to shy away from works written in the Middle Ages, which they viewed as highly negative history.
Main literary works of the Renaissance and their authors
1- Romeo and Juliet (William Shakespeare)
The tragedy of a young couple is one of Shakespeare’s most famous plays and one of his most frequently performed works alongside Hamlet. Today, the characters Romeo and Juliet are seen as role models for young lovers.
The history of this work is part of an ancient tragic romantic legend written between 1591 and 1595 and published in 1597.
Shakespeare uses poetic and dramatic structure in his plays alternating between comedy and tragedy to create tension.
2- The Prince (Nicholas Machiavelli)
The book was published in 1532, five years after Machiavelli’s death. It is considered to be a groundbreaking political treatise, as well as fundamental research in political science.
Written in Italian rather than Latin, it was popular at the time since Dante’s Divine Comedy and other works of Renaissance literature were published. And it contradicts common Catholic teaching.
3- Hamlet (William Shakespeare)
Written between 1599 and 1602, this Shakespearean tragedy follows Prince Hamlet and his revenge against his uncle Claudius, who is accused of murdering Hamlet’s father.
Hamlet is the English writer’s most voluminous work and one of his most influential works. The play was popular during Shakespeare’s lifetime and is one of his most widely performed plays in the history of theater. Additionally, it is one of the most cited works, and critics often rank it among the greatest literary works of all time.
4- Utopia (Thomas More)
A work of both fiction and politics, the book was published in Latin in 1516 and tells a story centered on a fictional society inhabiting an island. The word “utopia” comes from Greek and means “nowhere” or “nowhere”.
Although the play was misunderstood, it was very popular at the time. Today, the title of the book obscures the central narrative Moro created and told of a “utopian society”.
5- Doctor Faustus (Christopher Marlowe)
This important Renaissance work is based on the story of Faust, a famous figure in German culture. The first edition of this book is believed to be around 1593.
The popularity of Marlowe’s work is based on the myth that a real demon appeared on stage during the early performances of the work.
Dr. Faust is considered the first play of the famous Faustian legend. In addition, some early-century diviners adopted the name Faust, which means “favorite” in Latin.
6- Don Quixote (Miguel de Cervantes)
It tells the adventures of Don Quitoe and Sancho Panza. The first, of considerable age, has delusions, considers himself a gentleman, and begins an adventure that leads him to face imaginary rivals, such as windmills.
7- Essays (Michel de Montaigne)
The content of the work is based on expressing the intimate and essential nature of man, taking Michel de Montaigne himself as an example.
8- Book of good love (Juan Ruiz, Archpriest of Hita)
Also known as the Book of the Archpriest or Book of Songs. It is considered one of the most important works of Spanish origin.
9- A Midsummer Night’s Dream (William Shakespeare)
Another iconic work by William Shakespeare tells the events surrounding the relationship between Theseus and Hippolyte. A comedy featuring a specific character, such as a mythical creature or an Athenian nobleman. Top 16 Literary Works of the Renaissance
10- The Divine Comedy (Dante Alighieri)
One of the most important works in world literature. It is an epic divided into three parts: hell, purgatory and heaven. The film deals with religious, philosophical, ethical, and moral themes through the stories of various mythological and historical figures.
11- The Death of Arturo (Thomas Malory)
This is one author’s version of the events involving King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. The play depicts both the events and events of Thomas Mallory himself, based on legend.
12- Tragicomedy of Calisto and Melibea (Fernando de Rojas)
The piece, often called La Celestina, depicts Callisto’s love for Melibea, but his actions are rejected. To do this, Callisto sought out an old pimp as his matchmaker.
13- Paradise Lost (John Milton)
A masterpiece of English literature. This is a biblical epic that discusses Satan’s fall into the abyss and the expulsion of Adam and Eve from heaven on earth.
14- The guide of Tormes (Anonymous)
Perhaps the best representative of the Spanish picnic genre. In it, a young man from a very humble background finds himself serving guards, missionaries, and even the blind.
15- The Praise of Madness (Erasmus of Rotterdam)
Satyr’s essay captures a vision of a world ravaged by the dark Middle Ages and the rise of humanism. Church, tradition, superstition, philosophy, and corruption are some of the themes developed by Dutch writers.
16- Macbeth (William Shakespeare)
Inspired by the reign of Jacobo I. Macbeth, the English playwright’s theatrical production is a tragedy that reflects the ambition for power and the darkness that existed at court.
Other important works of the time
- Decameron (Giovanni Boccaccio)
- Gargantua and Pantagruel (François Rabelais)
- Orlando furioso (Ludovico Ariosto)
- The Fairy Queen (Edmund Spenser)
- Richard III (William Shakespeare)
The importance of the chain of beings
There is no biological concept among the most important modules of multi-link connectivity, grouped into hubs and driveways. extension chain.
The “position” of an object is determined by the corresponding proportions of “mind” and “matter”. The more “titles”, the fewer viewers. For example, at the bottom, there are various types of inanimate objects such as metal, stone, and dark elements (earth, water, air, fire).
Even higher are various members of the plant class, such as trees and flowers.
In addition to dominant attributes, it is believed that there is universal interdependence. This means that different segments of the series mirror others in the “corresponding truth” doctrine.
For example, Renaissance thinkers viewed humans as microcosms or macrocosms that reflect the entire fabric of the world.
Just as the earth is made of four “elements” (soil, water, wind, fire), the human body is also made of four substances called “liquids” and has properties corresponding to the four elements. “Among funny things.
Thus, the hierarchical organization of mental functions is also said to reflect the hierarchical order in families, nations, and forces of nature.
If all goes well, reason will rule emotions as a king rules his subjects, his father rules his children, and the sun rules the planets. However, when chaos appears in one kingdom, it is reflected in other kingdoms.
For example, in Shakespeare’s play King Lear, the simultaneous turmoil in family-state relations is reflected not only in Lear’s (crazy) psychosis but also in his own anarchy.
Humans are portrayed somewhere between beasts and angels, and to act contrary to human nature without allowing them to rationally control their emotions means reducing them to the level of wild animals. increase.
When Eve is tempted by Satan, trying to transcend his position leads to disaster. However, Renaissance writers sometimes found themselves at odds with such a tightly organized universe.
But some Renaissance writers, like the heroics of Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus, continued to be fascinated by pushing the boundaries set by the biological array.
The embodiment of a human spirit with the most dubious thirst for great desire and superhuman power, Faust seems to hold both glory and punishment.