We explain what educational management is and what its objectives are. In addition, the areas it comprises and the functions of each.
What is educational management?
Educational management is a discipline that aims to strengthen the performance of schools and educational institutions in a given country through the application of techniques, instruments and knowledge . It is a kind of educational administration, in the sense that it tries to think of the educational process as an organized, systemic whole.
In this way, educational management can be understood at the same time as a discipline , a process and a strategy, which intervenes in the educational system to improve its various stages. It promotes the integration of the different elements that make up the educational act (students, teachers and community).
Thus, an educational community is created that exchanges information, that feeds back and that overcomes the impediments traditionally associated with education , such as school dropout , poor educational performance, etc.
Areas of educational management
Educational management usually includes the following four areas of school management:
- Executive management . Equipped with a guiding mission and promoter of the improvement of an educational institution , it is dedicated to coordinating the needs of the establishment to integrate its own educational culture. This means that she is in charge of exercising leadership and administrative control of the campus, as well as updating and reviewing the recreational, social and psychological dynamics that accompany the educational act.
- Pedagogical and academic management . It is properly responsible for learning , that is, what happens in the classroom. This implies developing, updating and rethinking the academic curriculum, taking into account the specialized knowledge in the subject and the suggestions of the academic community, as well as the agreements with the other members of the educational community, especially as regards the forms of evaluation.
- Financial and administrative management . In this case, it refers to everything related to student registration and information systems, the provision of complementary services and, above all, to ensure that the educational staff can continue to exist over time , managing their human and capital resources in the best possible way. . This also includes regulations, inventory of goods, etc.
- Community management . This fourth aspect concerns the social side of the educational act, through the promotion of citizen participation, exchange plans, stimulus to the researcher, the promotion of professional growth and other aspects concerning the educational community as individuals who make their lives in around learning, and aspire to a peaceful and mutually enriching coexistence.