We explain what an acronym is, a list of examples of this type of abbreviation and what are its differences with an acronym.
What is an acronym?
An acronym means an abbreviation or set of acronyms that, due to its frequent use, ends up being incorporated as another word, to the point that many people ignore its origin or the exact meaning of the terms it groups together.
For example, the term laser comes from the acronym in English: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation ( i.e .: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation ), but is ordinarily used as a common word (note even how it accentuates in Spanish).
Often they are words formed by fragments of two or more words, so they are not usually written in capital letters , as in the case of initials or initials, but in the ordinary sense of a common word. But the meaning of the acronym will be equal to the sum of the meanings of the words or terms that compose it.
Sometimes you can also speak of retro – acronyms , that is: words of origin and ordinary use, which are reinterpreted as acronyms due to their specific context of use.
Such is the case of the USA PATRIOT Act or American Patriotic Law, which after being formulated was understood as an acronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (that is: “Unite and Strengthen United States Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstacle Terrorism ”).
Acronyms are not too common in the Spanish language , although they do have important historical precedents, such as the emergence of the pronoun you , whose origin comes from the acronym vs (“your mercy”), contracted in vust e d .
A list of examples of acronyms can be the following:
- Laser . English: L ight A mplification by S timulated E mission of R adiation ( “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”).
- Unasur . U nion Na tions South American.
- Celarg . C asa de E studios The Tinoamerican R ómulo G allegos.
- Emotícono . From English: Emot ion + Icon (emotion + icon), and then Castilianized.
- UFO . O bject V dildo N or I dentificado.
- Radar . From English: Ra gave D etection a nd R anging (“Radio distance detection and measurement”).
- AIDS . S índrome of I nmuno d efficiency A dquirida.
- Led . English: L ight E mitting D IODE ( “Light Emitting Diode”).
- Computer . Formed by the junction of Inform ation autom atic .
- Unesco . From English: U nited N ations E ducational, S cientific and C ultural O rganization
(“United Nations Cultural, Scientific and Educational Organization”).
- Midi . English: M usical I nstruments D igital I nterface ( “Musical Instrument Digital Interface”).
- CEDEMUN . Ce nter of De velopment Mun icipal.
- DNA and RNA . Á acid D esoxir r ibonucleico and Á acid r ibo n ucleico respectively.
- Concacaf . With federation C entered to Mericana and C aribbean of A ssociations of F útbol.
- Conmebol . With federation Suda me ricana de Fút bol .
- Hi-Fi . From English Hi gh Fi delity (“High fidelity”).
- Unicef . From English: U nited N ations C hildren’s E mergency F und (“United Nations Emergency Fund for Children).
Differences between acronyms and acronyms
While the acronym consists of grouping the initial letter of various terms to form an abbreviation that is written in uppercase (and often separated by periods), acronyms allow a much freer junction of word fragments, whether initial or not , to form a word whose terms are not separated and whose initial letter is only capitalized.
- Acronym deed : Sectur ( Sec retat de Tur ismo), Telmex ( Tel Efonía Mex icana) or CorpoMiranda (Development Corporation of the Tuy River Basin “Francisco de Miranda”, SA).
- Writing acronyms: UN ( O RGANIZATION N ations U ned), HIV ( V irus the I nmunodeficiencia H Umana) or CD (English: C ompact D isc , “compact disc”).