We explain what the exact sciences are and what knowledge you refer to. Other uses of this classification. Careers of the exact sciences.
What are the exact sciences?
In the past, exact knowledge was called the set of knowledge whose theories and approaches can be proven factually , through experimentation or other techniques considered reliable and reliable.
The term, however, went into disuse and, although it is still used as more or less synonymous with mathematics , today it has been understood that no scientific knowledge is accurate and immutable , irrefutable or perennially true, but that the sciences They update themselves as time progresses and there are new technologies and knowledge available.
For that reason, the name of exact sciences is no longer used to refer to “hard sciences” (those that are measurable, predictive and supposedly more rigorous), to experimental sciences or natural sciences , the latter two being preferred instead terms
The reason that this term was used has to do with the faith with which the natural sciences were understood, especially physics and mathematics, before the revolutionary studies of Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn, after which it is no longer possible to aspire to a total degree of certainty in any scientific field, but at most temporary truths.
Even so, it is possible that this term is still used to distinguish between faculties and certain university settings.
Other uses of exact sciences
The terms of exact and inaccurate sciences, however, can be used from the point of view of the distinction between sciences and occult pseudosciences or doctrines. This is because the set of sciences has a series of validation , refutation and demonstration mechanisms that allow its postulates to be considered true, although not totally and eternally, as we said before.
On the other hand, pseudosciences and other forms of occultism lack these logical or methodological tools to verify the accuracy or certainty of their postulates, which are usually based rather on belief, fantasy or certain common places of culture , always being unprovable. and therefore inaccurate.
But even so, these terms are not the most appropriate to make a difference, and their employment is usually restricted within the academic field, relegated rather to informal speech.
Careers of the exact sciences
In general terms, the following disciplines of study are framed within the so-called “exact sciences”:
- Engineering, in its various possible branches.
- Material science.
- Computer .
- Biomedical engineering.
- Chemistry .
- E .
- Information technology.