We explain what are the elements of a monograph, what each one of them is used for and its main characteristics and types.
What are the elements of a monograph?
A monograph is an expository or argumentative wording that is prepared at the end of a research project, whether documentary, experimental or of any kind.
Precision, verifiability, impartiality and clarity are expected from a monograph , given that it is the document that is delivered to third parties to account for the subject matter investigated, the findings found and the conclusions drawn from them.
In fact, the various academies that exist use monography as the most usual mechanism for checking the knowledge acquired or for the execution of a particular experimental program.
Types of monographs
Research Monograph: This type of monograph is similar and has similar points and objectives with scientific research. This type does not usually talk about old topics, rather, it seeks to investigate and investigate new topics.
Compilation monograph: It is one of the most complicated, since different studies and / or investigations come from bibliographic sources. So, what this type of monograph does is to detail, review and analyze this type of bibliographic sources or references and thus compile the best and truthful in a single project.
Analysis Monograph: It is the most interesting of all, this type only occurs through practices, tests and hypotheses on the subject or investigation. Without practices and errors, results are not usually given in this type of monograph.
Parts of a monograph
The elements that make up any monograph are more or less invariable, although the ideal is that they conform to the nature and character of the research work.
For example, if it is an experimental matter, there will surely be a section of evidence and graphics that yield the statistical data obtained; while a bibliographic documentation does not require it, but a detailed bibliography .
In broad strokes, we can structure every monograph into:
- Cover and preliminary pages . This is the presentation of the research paper, which offers all the primary information required to know what it is about: identification of researchers, tutors, academy, the subject and the specific title of the work, as well as the date of preparation of the same. In the preliminary pages there may be dedications, acknowledgments or even epigraphs, if they are considered to illustrate the spirit of the content.
- Index . Whether located at the beginning or the end, the index should be recorded in every monograph to allow readers to move between their parts comfortably and quickly. It should detail the start pages of each chapter with their respective main sections.
- Introduction . The introduction of a monograph is the opportunity to provide the reader with all the contextual information necessary to start reading the monograph. This ranges from a general approach to the topic, the problems that interest, the research background, the importance of the topic for the academy (or the researcher, or humanity), to previous information without which the reader would cost much more Understand the content of the investigation.
- Development . The development is the content as such of the investigation, divided and hierarchized in chapters and in sections, according to the structural needs of the presentation of the information. Ideally, each chapter addresses a specific general topic, which responds to a research objective or clarifies a stage of the experimental procedure separately. You can count on visual, statistical or textual support, as required.
- Conclusions . The time of closure, to summarize the most important of all that has been said and link it with other major or subsequent issues, which are not strictly within the scope of the investigation. It is time to interpret the results thrown during the development, to relate the findings or establish the necessary deductions to obtain something concrete and definitive of the work performed.
- Notes or annexes . An optional section. In some cases, text citations or references that do not fit in the footer (or prefer not to place there), or also tables, graphs, lists, etc. may go here. That would be very cumbersome to include in development. It will suffice to refer them at the appropriate time of development by means of a “(see fig. 4)” or the like.
- Bibliography or textual references . Documentary section detailing the books, magazines, brochures or any material that has served us during the preparation of the work. Any data, reference or quotation in the monograph must be referred to here with their respective bibliographic data: author, year of publication, editorial, pages consulted, etc.
How to make a monograph?
- Select a topic that you are passionate about (It will be much easier for you to collect information about something you like)
- Choose an aspect, objective or sub-topic of the chosen topic (With this you will collect information about a single aspect and you will not gather information from other topics that deviate from the main one)
- Start researching on the subject (Articles – journals – bibliographies – studies)
- Underline and write down the main ideas. (It is recommended to organize the ideas)
- Build your monograph (Write on one side chapters, sub-topics, references, annexes and organize it)
- After organizing and having the most information about the chosen topic, you can start doing the monograph (It is recommended to start after having at least 5 valid research sources)