We explain what social phenomena are and their characteristics. In addition, some examples of current social phenomena.
In sociology , social phenomena are understood as all those events, trends or reactions that take place within an established human society . They are evidenced through collective modifications of behavior.
In other words, a social phenomenon is a part of the conscious behavior of society , a specific way in which it organizes and structures its reactions. It is determined by the objective and subjective conditions of life in which people live.
Social phenomena, thus, can be of a different nature, and respond to specific interests, or even be the result of other types of factors, such as economic. However, being eminently social, they are limited in their perspective to the relationships between the individuals that constitute a community .
Sociology is the discipline that studies social phenomena , although these can also be analyzed from an economic , psychological , historical or political perspective , and in those cases the concept adapts to the specific needs of the approach.
Social phenomena differ from other types of phenomena in that, having to do with the way people think and act within a society , they are subjective and relative in nature . In some cases they even respond to characteristics of the collective imaginary .
There is talk of social phenomena in an attempt to understand in a systemic or contextual way the decisions taken by a collective . In other words, virtually everything can be a given social phenomenon.
However, it stands out that breaks with what is considered as the “everyday” or “traditional” behavior of the society studied. Thus, what in a historical moment can be a striking social phenomenon, in another it can be little more than the established norm .
It is not difficult to find examples of social phenomena, although deciding on a specific specific case. In general, collective decisions are examples of social phenomena.
Among them are mass migrations, political rebellions, labor trends, consumer trends , criminal activities, poverty or the expansion of a religion within a given community.
At present, there are more or less widespread trends in social phenomena. They are attributable in one way or another to the “spirit of the age”, that is, to the collective unconscious of a specific cultural region, if not of the entire world.
For example, Venezuelan mass emigration in the last five years has been a social phenomenon (also political and economic) in the South American region. So has the political rise of ultraconservative parties in Eastern Europe in recent times.
In a more specific area such as American society, some polarization has been observed since President Donald Trump took office.
Another possible example is the rise of social media technology in the constitution of couples and romantic relationships in the West, or even the rise of evangelical parishioners in the nations of the American Third World.