DIFFERENCESTerms And Technology

Difference between Unix and Linux with table

We explain the difference between Unix and Linux with table. Computer World had created an operating system back in 1956. The synergy of the operating system was an amazing feature that took the IT industry to the next level. linux and unix in tabular form

Many operating systems are available to date, about a thousand. There are varieties of operating system available in the world; Single and multi-tasking OS, single and multi-user OS, distributed OS, templated OS, embedded OS, real-time and library OS. linux and unix in tabular form

The advent of technology and the curiosity of scientists gave way to some of the comprehensive operating systems in the world of computing. Two of which will be named are UNIX and Linux.

Unix and Linux arrived on different timelines; however, each has its own characteristics that the world of information technology cannot deny. UNIX came to the world first, and Linux is a clone of Linux and has advanced user interface features that are the most sought after by developers these days.

The main difference between UNIX and Linux UNIX is a complete operating system, while Linux is a kernel. In simple words, UNIX is the whole truck, while Linux is an engine in the truck, it is just a part of the truck. linux and unix in tabular form

Comparison table between Unix and Linux (in tabular form)

Comparison parameter Unix Linux

Manufacturing and development history UNIX was developed in 1970 at Bell Labs. It was prepared for internal Bell Labs use and later began to be distributed to various companies. Linux was born in 1991. It is open source software developed by sharing the code and collaborating with various developers.  linux and unix in tabular form
Primary focus UNIX initially and for a long time worked mainly on the command line interface (CLI), although in recent years the graphical user interface has been developed on UNIX systems, but it is not as efficient as its counterparts. Linux is an open source operating system based on UNIX. Linux had CLI and GUI out of the box, which made it complete. CLI is optional on Linux
Flexibility in use UNIX has very little support for many different types of hardware. Linux is very flexible and compatible with most of the hardware systems available.
Ease of installation UNIX always requires a well-defined hardware machinery. Can only be installed on select CPUs Linux is free download software. It can also be easily downloaded. Minimum system requirements must be met for Linux installation
Price UNIX is not free. There are many flavors of UNIX available on the market, and each flavor is priced differently. Linux is free. Few versions of Linux like Red hat Linux charge, however they are much less expensive than Windows. linux and unix in tabular form

What is Unix? linux and unix in tabular form

UNIX is a multi-tasking, multi-user operating system developed at Bell Labs. It was prepared for use internally by Bell Systems, but the licensed version was later distributed to many companies.

UNIX is the first portable operating system to reach multiple platforms. The operating system can provide simple tools that perform specific limited functions, these tools are combined by command language to perform complex functions as well.

The UNIX system is based on the UNIX philosophy, which is unique to this operating system. It uses a hierarchical file management system while data storage is facilitated through the use of a plain text format. linux and unix in tabular form

The Kernel is the master control of UNIX, it has all the control over the system. The kernel acts as an interface between the user and the hardware of the system.

Apart from the kernel, it is the shell that plays a vital role in the operating system. It acts as an interface between the kernel and the user.

There are many variants of UNIX distributed to many companies at different levels. Each variant maintains its kernel.

Unix-operated systems are aligned with your systems. This means that the hardware is also shipped with the software. UNIX is by far designed for a very limited audience and also for specific applications and functions. The available interfaces are finally stable. linux and unix in tabular form

What is Linux?

Linux runs on a wonderful package management system. It is developed from the collection of many programs that are based on the kernel.

The software used in the development of the Linux kernel is open source and free. Linux consists of the following: a Linux kernel, a GNU system and utilities, a compiler for library functions, and a windowing system and desktop environment.

Anyone can download Linux for free. The source code can also be viewed by anyone. linux and unix in tabular form

This operating system is considered faster than many other existing operating systems at the moment. In fact, it is portable for many hardware systems.

Linux installation is quite simple, not many hardware specifications are required for installation. Linux is available for free, and few distributions of it are also very inexpensive.

The interfaces available on Linux systems evolve over and over again and it is dynamic. The best part is that Linux supports most of the file systems available on other operating systems. Threat detection and bug fixes are very fast with Linux.

A group of programs compatible with the Linux kernel is a comprehensive operating system for many IT companies. 

Main differences between Unix and Linux

  1. The difference between UNIX and Linux is a family of derived distributions, while UNIX is the family of derived operating systems.
  2. In the case of Linux, there are different variants maintained by different communities but they are merged into one kernel. While the UNIX variants are maintained by different companies and have their kernel.
  3. Linux installation is almost easy, it can be installed with minimal system requirements, while UNIX can be installed strictly with selected hardware systems.
  4. Linux is preferred primarily for its economic reasons, and is especially sought after for cloud data deployment. UNIX is preferred for specific purpose server requirements and also for specific application availability. 
  5. Linux is free with the exception of a few variants that are also inexpensive compared to Windows operating systems. UNIX is never free and the cost structures are different for the different variants.

Final Thought

UNIX is the oldest operating system considered for its stability. Linux, as we know, is derived from UNIX and is also named for its stability characteristics.

The real difference between the two is not in the external presentation part but in the internal functionality. Linux is considered to have an advantage over UNIX for its price, as well as for the modification part. UNIX is rigid while Linux is flexible.

The commands used in both are not the same, but they have similar functions. It is also observed that Linux is growing rapidly in the recent past and may soon dominate many operating systems.

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