We explain to you what the executive branch is, who makes it up, its functions, powers and other characteristics. what is the executive branch
What is the executive branch?
The executive branch is one of the three public powers that constitute the modern state , together with the legislative and the judicial. Unlike the others, the executive is responsible for the conduct and political management of the State , that is, for decision-making and diplomatic work. Thus, administers and executes the popular will. what is the executive branch
The executive branch is one of the most visible and disputed, since from it different projects of society can be proposed . Therefore, whoever holds it is usually held directly responsible for the successes or failures that the country experiences during its management , which usually has a pre-established start and end date according to the current constitutional text. what is the executive branch
The role of the executive within the States, that is, of his leadership, was formerly held by other models of the head of state, generally absolute and life-long, such as the Kings, the leaders and other figures that normally came from the military branch and / or social elites.
Since the fall of the Old Regime and the Absolutist Monarchy, the executive power is always understood under the control of the other public powers, in order to reduce the risk of tyrannies.
Characteristics of the executive branchs
The executive branch corresponds to the daily conduction of the State at its different levels, that is to say that it takes care of political decisions that cover the economy , internal policy, foreign policy, social policies, tax collection, etc.
Thus, the positions of the executive branch are elected for a specific period , the beginning and end of which is determined in advance, and for which it may or may not be re-elected, depending on what the Constitution and electoral regulations express in this regard. Other positions, on the other hand, are expressly appointed by the elected authorities, such as the president. what is the executive branch
On the other hand, each position is usually unipersonal , that is, held by a specific person at the same time, which can be replaced at the end of their work or as an emergency replacement. This usually entails important responsibilities , for which the person must then respond to the State itself.
Who makes up the executivesbranch?
Starting with the head of the government itself, that is, by the President or Prime Minister , the executive branch is made up of the visible head of the State, in addition to representing it, together with the diplomatic body that it designates, abroad. what is the executive branch
Usually the president is elected by vote (direct or indirect) and comes from local political parties, although he can also be an independent actor. Presidential elections are usually political events of great importance in the social, political and economic life of countries.
Next to him will be governors, mayors, mayors or similar regional and local offices , who are the representatives of the same public power at a much more particular geographical level. They are elected in the same way.
It also includes the entire ministerial train, which forms the government cabinet , headed in some cases by the vice president. However, the exact structure of the executive branch, like that of the other branches, will always be determined by the legal system of the country, that is, by the Constitution.
Functions and powers of the executive branch
In general, the executive branch has two essential functions:
- Political function . It consists in leading society all the way that best allows to satisfy its historical needs, making the pertinent decisions to negotiate in the most convenient way the unpublished situations: international treaties, irregular situations, commercial exchanges, etc.
- Administrative function . It consists of managing and managing the State so that it complies in the most efficient way possible with its work contemplated in the Constitution, for which it is essential to orchestrate the ministries, intendancies, governments, companies and public organizations, etc. what is the executive branch
The executive branchsin Mexico
Mexico, like most countries in the region, is governed by a presidential democracy. Therefore, at the head of the executive branch is an elected president in free, secret and direct voting , for a period of six years, with no possibility of re-election.
According to article 89 of the Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States, the functions of the president are:
- Promulgate and execute the laws approved by Congress, and direct the administrative sphere;
- Appoint some officials of the federal public administration ;
- Direct the foreign policy of the State;
- Conduct public administration and promote laws or decrees in front of Congress. what is the executive branch
On the other hand, the 32 States (counting Mexico City, governed by a head of their own Government) that make up the Mexican federation also elect their own governor.
The governor of each State is the head of the local public administration and has his own cabinet with various secretariats, dependencies and addresses, just as the President has ministries and other entities that have authority in the entire Mexican territory.
Other public powers
Apart from the executive, the other powers of the state are:
- Legislature . Constituted by the parliament (assembly, congress, etc.) and its elected members by popular will, whether they are deputies only or deputies and senators, it is the entity in charge of drafting, approving, modifying or repealing the laws that govern society, as well as manage thenational budget and control it.
- Judiciary . Conformed by the judges that make up, in turn, the different courts of the hierarchical organization chart of the State, it is responsible for ensuring compliance with the law in society, both by the other two public powers, as well as by the citizens of foot. Therefore, it has the power to interpret the constitutional text in its original spirit, and is also the only one of the three public powers that is not freely elected by the electorate. what is the executive branch