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Differences Between Erosion and Corrosion

we explain that erosion is a process that removes soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth’s crust by the action of the Earth’s surface then transports it to another location. while Corrosion is a process that converts a refined metal into a chemically stable form such as oxide, hydroxide, carbonate, or sulfide. the basic differences between Erosion and Corrosion are that erosion is a change in which the movements of small fragments of rocks occur under the influence of gravity and natural agent. on the other hand, Corrosion is a chemical process that which change in the chemical composition of some surfaces occurs because of oxygen action in moisture.

Overview

corrosion and erosion happen due to certain external actions on a surface. erosion means the physical process in which the movements of small fragments of rocks occur under the influence of gravity and natural agents. whereas Corrosion is a chemical process in which change in the chemical composition of some surfaces occurs because of oxygen action in moisture. Erosion and corrosion happen due to certain external actions on a surface.

Differences Between Erosion and Corrosion in Tabular Form:

Erosion Corrosion
Erosion is a physical process in which the movements of small fragments of rocks occur under the influence of gravity and natural agents. Corrosion is a chemical process in which change in the chemical composition of some surfaces occurs because of oxygen action in moisture. 
It occurs on the land’s surfaces.  It occurs on the surface of materials like polymers, metals, and ceramics. 
Agents that cause erosion are water, gravity, and wind.  Agents that cause Corrosion are oxygen, sulfates, etc. 
Land reform techniques like terracing can prevent erosion simply.  The preventive measure includes applying a protective layer on the surface of the metals.
acid rain, salt effects, and oxidation of materials are also causes of erosion. Corrosion is the loss of electrons from the metals when it comes in contact with the moisture and oxygen in the atmosphere. 

What is Erosion? Explained

Erosion occurs by chemical reactions and by certain forces of nature. It happens because of natural forces like water and wind on the land’s surfaces.

Examples of erosion

the most common examples of erosion are water erosion, glacial erosion, and wind erosion. Erosion involves different processes like weathering, transportation, and dissolution. erosion can be prevented by a protective layer that is coated on the surface of the metal that constantly comes in contact with the atmosphere.

Causes of Erosion

soil erosion is caused by natural processes (water flowing downhill and wind) and by human activities (overcropping, overgrazing, and deforestation).

What is Corrosion? Explained

corrosion is a natural process of destruction of materials through chemical reactions that converts a refined metal into a more chemically stable form such as oxide, hydroxide, carbonate, or sulfide.

Read Also: Erosion Vs. Corrosion

Types of Corrosion

There are many types of corrosion like uniform Corrosion, pitting corrosion, intergranular corrosion, crevice corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and galvanic corrosion.

what are the causes of corrosion?

Metals damage/corrode when they react with another substance such as oxygen, hydrogen, an electrical current, or even dirt and bacteria. Corrosion also happens when metals like steel are placed under too much stress causing the material to crack. to prevent Corrosion, use non-corrosive metals, such as stainless steel or aluminum, and also use drying agents. Non-metallic coatings (plastics) paints and oils can also prevent corrosion.

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