CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Cadmium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Cadmium and atomic properties with characteristics. Cadmium is a silver-gray metallic chemical element with atomic number 48. Its symbol is Cd and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Cadmium is located at position 48 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of cadmium and information about cadmium and other elements of the periodic table such as zinc, mercury, silver or indium. You will also learn what cadmium is for and what its uses are through its properties associated with cadmium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which cadmium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of cadmium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information on its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in cadmium atoms and other properties.

For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Cadmium properties

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which cadmium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which cadmium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that cadmium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which cadmium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of cadmium in its natural form is solid. Cadmium is a silver-gray metallic chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of cadmium is 48. The chemical symbol for cadmium is Cd. The melting point of cadmium is 594.22 degrees Kelvin or 322.07 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of cadmium is 1,041 degrees Kelvin or 768.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.

Atomic Properties of Cadmium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find cadmium within the periodic table of elements, cadmium is found in group 12 and period 5. Cadmium has an atomic mass of 112.411 u.

The electron configuration of cadmium is [Kr] 4d10 5s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Cadmium’s mean radius is 155 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 161 pm, its covalent radius is 148 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 158 pm. Cadmium has a total of 48 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 2 electrons.

Cadmium characteristics

Below you can see a table where the main characteristics of cadmium are shown.

Cadmium
Chemical symbol CD
Atomic number 48
Group 12
Period 5
Appearance silver gray metallic
Block d
Density 8650 kg / m3
Atomic mass 112,411 u
Medium radius 155 pm
Atomic radio 161
Covalent radius 148 pm
Van der Waals radio 158 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 2
Oxidation states two
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 594.22 K
Boiling point 1041K
Heat of fusion 6,192 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 14.8 Pa at 597 K
Electronegativity 1.69
Specific heat 233 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 13.8 × 106S / m
Thermal conductivity 96.8 W / (K m)

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