CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Silver: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of silver and atomic properties with characteristics. Silver is a silver-like chemical element with atomic number 47. Its symbol is Ag and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Silver is located at position 47 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of silver and information about silver and other elements of the periodic table such as copper, gold, palladium or cadmium. You will also learn what silver is for and you will know what its uses are through its properties associated with silver, such as its atomic number or the usual state in which silver can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of silver such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in silver atoms and other properties.

For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Silver properties

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which silver belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which silver belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that silver has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially filled with electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which silver is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of silver in its natural form is solid. Silver is a silver-looking chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of silver is 47. The chemical symbol for silver is Ag. The melting point of silver is 1234.93 degrees Kelvin or 962.78 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of silver is 2435 degrees Kelvin or 2162.85 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade.

Atomic properties of silver

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find silver within the periodic table of elements, silver is in group 11 and period 5. Silver has an atomic mass of 107.8683 u.

The electron configuration of silver is [Kr] 4d10 5s1. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Silver’s mean radius is 160 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 165 pm, its covalent radius is 153 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 172 pm. Silver has a total of 47 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 1 electron.

Silver characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of silver.

Silver
Chemical symbol Ag
Atomic number 47
Group eleven
Period 5
Appearance silver
Block d
Density 10490 kg / m3
Atomic mass 107.8683 u
Medium radius 160 pm
Atomic radio 165
Covalent radius 153 pm
Van der Waals radio 172 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s1
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 1
Oxidation states one
Oxide amphoteric
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1234.93 K
Boiling point 2435K
Heat of fusion 11.3 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 0.34 Pa at 1234 K
Electronegativity 1.93
Specific heat 232 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 63 × 106 m-1S / m
Thermal conductivity 429 W / (K m)

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