We explain what the Modern Age is and the events that marked its beginning. In addition, the consequences it produced and how was its end.
What is the modern age?
It is known as E ty M oderna to the third of the historical periods it is usually divided the history of mankind, and comprising the centuries between XV and XVIII, that is, between the Middle Ages or Medieval and Contemporary Age.
The Modern Age is usually understood as the end of the religious obscurantism that characterized the previous period , and the search to recover the classic legacy of the Ancient Age , especially the Greco-Roman. It is usually taken as the beginning of this new era at the fall of Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, under siege of the Ottoman Empire in the year of 1453; or the arrival of the first Spanish settlers to America (the “discovery”) in 1492, an event that would radically enlarge the limits of the world known for the time.
In the Modern Age there was a revolution of thought , especially in Western Europe and its surrounding regions, which broke with the paradigms that five centuries of Christian theocracy had imposed, thus betting on the human being as the center of creation, and its capacities of reasoning, invention and full understanding of the universe, such as the new forces that would shape the reality of the species.
Said in simpler terms, the religious order that left everything in the hands of God is fractured and faith in human reason takes its place : the human being now owned his own destiny.
This would manifest itself in the rise of the bourgeoisie (the merchants) as a new predominant social class , rather than the old medieval aristocracy; and with it the invention of capitalism as a new system of socioeconomic order in replacement of feudalism , which led to the defeat of the monarchies and the return of the republic as a regime of government. A notable consequence of this was the separation of State and Religion .
The end of the Modern Era is usually located in the great Revolutions that forever altered the monarchical order, making way for the Republic: the independence of the United States of America in 1776, a prelude to what would take place in the Spanish-American colonies at the beginning of the 19th century, or even more the French Revolution of 1789 , in which the plain people rose up in arms against the absolutist monarchy and its clergy allies, forever changing the destiny of that nation and exeting a fundamental political influence in the entire world.