We explain what teaching is, what are the methods and techniques used. In addition, individual and group teaching.
What is teaching?
Teaching refers to the transmission of knowledge, values and ideas among people . Although this action is usually related only to certain academic fields, it should be noted that it is not the only means of learning.
Other institutions can be mentioned , such as religious or clubs and also outside them , be it in family , cultural activities, with friends etc. In the latter cases the teaching is no longer strictly planned, to take a much more improvised form. However, this does not mean that it cannot have transcendental effects on that person who receives the teachings.
What are your methods and techniques?
In the case of teaching in a much more programmed way, with a specific purpose, the methods and techniques used are very diverse . Throughout history , many teaching methods have been developed from different theoretical frameworks.
Some for example suggest very strict strategies, where there is a certain methodology and steps to follow . This type of teaching has been abandoned by many educators to take somewhat more flexible positions, since they consider that their function is to guide their students to acquire knowledge .
They understand that it is important to adapt to the circumstances and groups with which they work, not all are equal, nor do they have the same needs or interests.
Therefore, not only the content is emphasized, but also the way of transmitting them. There are those who talk about adapting to the same demands, rhythm and desires of the students. On the other hand, presenting options to students so that they themselves can propose content to be transmitted and the methods that will be used.
Since the beginning of the twentieth century many thinkers talked about student participation , so that it incorporates the teachings and transforms it. That is why many educators opt for activities that please and encourage their students and in turn plan the axes of study focused on their interests. Many times these methods are used since it is known that boredom results in the estrangement and disinterest of those who should learn.
Teaching techniques can be very varied, for example one is that of “interrogation”, where knowledge is presented based on questions so that students themselves reflect and raise their previous knowledge. In addition, it usually generates a lot of interest in them. On the other hand there are expository techniques, these are usually dictated by the same teachers or people who know the subject to be discussed in depth. It can be stimulated or guided by the question of those interested in learning.
Individual or group teaching
- Individual learning There are those who propose learning individually. It is considered that the student acquires abilities to develop himself more efficiently and allowing him to exploit his possibilities. These techniques are widely used in students who have greater difficulties, allowing the contents and times to be adapted to their needs. It also gives educators the possibility to choose topics that are more in line with their personality and tastes.
- Group learning. On the other hand there is teaching in groups. It allows to become aware of oneself and peers, participation and cooperation between them, allows interaction with various people and characteristics, and stimulates the skills to work in groups . Although these positions seem somewhat antagonistic they can be complemented, allowing true learning for the student.