We explain what physical education is, its history and what this discipline is for. In addition, its importance and difference with the sport.
What is physical education?
When we talk about physical education, we refer to a pedagogical discipline that encompasses the human body from various physical perspectives, aspiring to an integral education with respect to the human body that contributes to care and health , but also to sports training and against sedentary life.
Just as in the various educational bodies the individual is mentally and socially trained, they are taught trades, techniques, knowledge , physical education also aspires to educate him in the use of his own body, whether recreational and athletic, or of simple health and survival, strengthening bones and musculature in crucial stages of human development .
The current trend in physical education is towards the exploitation of the adaptability and versatility of the body , teaching young people to physically deal with different situations or requirements, and thus increasing their bodily abilities.
This, in addition, complemented by an emotional formation towards healthy competitiveness , towards teamwork and companionship, towards the assessment of difference and respect for human rights, all of which is equally important.
It is common in physical education subjects to practice sports, athletic and rhythmic exercises, exercise circuits, as well as the approach to group dynamics and cooperative activities.
History of physical education
Humans practiced physical education in the Ancient Ages , forming an important part of their conception of culture and coming to conceive of great powers such as the marathons of Ancient Greece, or the Roman struggle.
In those times, the meaning of this was to train citizens ready for war if necessary, often trying to combine it with philosophical instruction that would achieve a combination between wise man and action.
Modern physical education was born as such in the early nineteenth century , in the academies of Switzerland and Germany, with various sports, largely inherited from the physical disciplines that the former aristocracy, usually linked to military trades, practiced throughout life, like fencing and horse riding.
To this were added more popular sports disciplines, and then speed sports, which often combined the body with mechanical tools, such as the bicycle. But it would not be until the 20th century that the first teacher training institutions in the field of physical education would be opened.
What is physical education for?
Physical education are similar to those of education : the formation of the integral individual, who is able to manage his talents and abilities both physical, social and mental. In the particular case of physical education, the focus is on the formation and maintenance of their physical and physical health, although not exclusively.
This also means training in sports , which can serve as a basis for the discovery of innate sports talents, or as a complement and fight against sedentary life: physical inactivity is known to cause weaknesses and metabolic diseases both in youth Like adulthood
Importance of physical education
Body education is not simply for sports or recreational purposes, nor is it exclusive to athletic types or competitive personalities. It is known that physical exercise has played a vital role in the mental, social and physical balance of many individuals of letters, scientists or even thinkers.
In that way, physical education is the educational basis for the individual in relation to their own body : they are taught to carry out various efforts in a healthy way, to exercise it, to know its limitations and to put it, if necessary, to service of a common physical project, such as a team sport.
Differences between physical education and sport
Sport is something intrinsic to physical education, as well as calculus to physics , chemistry and mathematics classes . Through sport, the muscles and the notion of equipment are exercised , negative emotions and other benefits that accompany its merely recreational aspect are channeled. Physical education, on the other hand, is an educational and pedagogical discipline, which is not exclusive to athletes or athletes, as described so far.