We explain what the administration is and what are the elements that this technique uses. In addition, the administration values.
What is administration?
The administration is a technique that consists of the planning, strategy or organization of the total resources that an entity , agency, society has in order to extract from them the maximum possible benefits according to the desired purposes.
The term ” administration ” comes from Latin, and is the conjunction of the prefix “ad” which means “towards” or “address” and the suffix “minister” which means “at the service of” or “obedience”, in short, it refers to the provision of a service to another individual or to some entity.
Basically, we can say that it is based on the precept that states that a correct administration of resources takes full advantage of the possibilities of achieving a better result.
The administration is used in both public and private management . Both need the technique of administrative organization for the extraction of resources. The difference lies precisely in the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the resources available to carry out its functions and purposes.
These available resources can be of various types, there are materials, human, financial, cognitive, etc. And the ends can be social, nonprofit or for profit . In short, it is about planning about how these resources are going to be used to achieve a better result.
Elements of the administration
Several elements are the parts that make the administrative organization, and are necessary if you want to reach the objectives , but at the same time they are conditioned by the available resources.
Every administration needs:
- A nodal center : That is responsible for the realization of the entire project and responsible for planning the administration. This also raises what are the problems they want to overcome.
- An evaluation : To distinguish the characteristics of each of the parties, to determine what are their specific functions and possibilities to contribute to the administration.
- Coordination : Pose the activities that are going to be carried out and that interrelate the parts of the system.
- Control : To ensure in an evaluative way that these activities are being carried out correctly, as planned, evaluation that can be carried out simultaneously is given administrative action.
The field of administration is very wide, since as we saw, it applies to various types of entities. In this way, you need to use techniques, concepts, modes of organization from various fields of study. For example of financial administration, accounting , human resources management, marketing , economic science , business strategies, etc.
The administration is interdisciplinary , since it combines aspects of all of them in order to specialize and deepen its administrative advances, overcoming difficulties and adapting to market requirements, in the case of private management mainly, thus updating according to the competition and other social entities.
There are other values necessary for the administration to achieve its objectives, which are not constitutional part of it , but rather circumstantial, necessary tools for its adaptation to the social environment.
For example , flexibility, which is its ability to make use of its resources by relocating or transferring them to the area that needs to be revitalized, an example of this is the transfer or incorporation of people specialized in administration of a specific part of the company. This gives an account of the general adaptability of the company or entity, it should be noted that with more possibilities and resources the greater the possibility of adaptability.
Another value is the specificity of the company, although some aspects are structural and general of the administration, each of the objectives itself requires a type of administration. It is not possible to find a type of administration that serves to solve the situation of all companies or entities, in short, it is not applicable equally to all.