What is reform?

We explain what is reform and what are the different types that exist? In addition, other uses that this term has.

  1. What is reform?

This term refers to the action of reshaping, correcting something, redoing, modifying . When one makes a reform, aspects of the original scheme are maintained, while some others are modified.

It is used in various aspects of everyday life to express a change or modification, whether physical as a remodeling of some structure or building or abstract, as a law .

Types of Reform


For example, the agrarian reform comprises a set of economic, political, social and legislative provisions   that seek to change the structure of the land of the owner and the form of production of the same.


It refers to  changes that can be undertaken in the laws and / or ordinances of a province, state or country. As an example we can cite the reform of the Argentine Constitution in 1957 and 1994, and the constitutional reform project of Venezuela in 2007, whose change consisted of reforming 69 articles of the constitution at that time.


It refers to the remodeling of a structure, to expand or shrink, innovate and modify its spaces, making them a more pleasant place.


It refers to a certain movement, usually made by students or teachers of the institution , who claim certain changes in the laws that govern the building. In order to improve the educational system of the institution, students, teachers and sometimes authorities thereof, are those who take the initiative to modify aspects of the established rules seeking a common goal, which is an improvement in the educational system of the establishment. Some examples of educational reforms are: university reform in 1918, in the city of Córdoba, Argentina; the pedagogical reform, towards the end of the 19th century, and the Vareliana reform in Uruguay, among others.


It can be distinguished from the revolution reform, given that the latter refers to a surprising and substantial change . Throughout history, there were several religious movements that gave rise to many reforms; Gregorian reform, for example, dates a series of changes carried out in the Catholic Church during the eleventh century, under Gregory VII. The Protestant reform was a Christian religious movement located in Germany during the 16th century and led by Martin Luther, who created several churches and groups organized under the name of Protestantism.

  1. Other uses of the term

Some other examples that we can observe in the use of this term:

“We have decided to appeal to the request of the new students, carrying out the reform they are looking forward to. The old laws will be modified for a better functioning of the educational system and the establishment ”.

“The building we see on the right, has been renovated two centuries ago thanks to the financing of an important and well-known feudal lord.”

“Equal marriage has been approved in some conteries like Spain. In spain on July 3, 2005, making same-sex marriage legal. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero carried out the reform of the constitution enabling equal marriage and the large amount of rights that entails. ”

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