We elaborate the uses of Ytterbium and atomic properties with characteristics. Ytterbium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 70. Its symbol is Yb and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Ytterbium is located at position 70 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of ytterbium and information about ytterbium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what ytterbium is for and you will know what its uses are through its properties associated with ytterbium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which ytterbium can be found.
You can see qualities of ytterbium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in the ytterbium atoms and other properties.
For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
Properties of ytterbium
Ytterbium is part of the group of lanthanides. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.
The state of ytterbium in its natural form is solid. Ytterbium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number of ytterbium is 70. The chemical symbol for ytterbium is Yb. The melting point of ytterbium is 1,097 degrees Kelvin or 824.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of ytterbium is 1467 degrees Kelvin or 1194.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.
Atomic properties of ytterbium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Ytterbium has an atomic mass of 173.04 u.
The electron configuration of ytterbium is [Xe] 4f146s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of ytterbium is 175 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 222 pm. Ytterbium has a total of 70 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 32 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.
Below you can see a table where the main characteristics of ytterbium are shown.
|Density||6,965 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||173.04 u|
|Medium radius||175 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Xe] 4f146s2|
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2|
|Crystal structure||face-centered cubic|
|Heat of fusion||7.66 kJ / mol|
|Molar volume||24.84 10-6m3 / mol|
|Specific heat||150 J / (Kkg)|
|Electric conductivity||3.51106S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||34.9 W / (Km)|