We explain what is the ability and skills that a person can possess. In addition, the types that exist and their relationship with the skill.
What is the skill?
According to the Royal Spanish Academy, the ability is understood as the ability of someone to perform a certain task or activity correctly and easily. In this way, it is a specific form of aptitude for a specific activity , be it physical , mental or social.
The term skill comes from the Latin habilis , which initially meant “what can be had”, and was used in the designation of some of the species of the genus Homo of our evolutionary past: Homo habilis , the “skillful” man who learned to use Stone tools to make your life easier. Thus, people who have facilities to perform in a specific area are called skilled .
Commonly, skills are understood as innate, natural talents, but the truth is that they can also be learned or perfected: a person can be born with a talent of his own for a certain sport , or he can acquire that skill with constant practice and exercise. In principle, then, the skill implies somehow the potential talent.
A person’s skills
According to the World Health Organization, human development is based on the emergence and mastery of a certain number of human abilities:
- Self – knowledge . Ability to know ourselves and know how we are and how we react.
- Empathy . Ability to perceive, understand and even share the feelings of others.
- Assertive communication . The possibility of transmitting information of various kinds to others, quickly, efficiently and accurately.
- Decision-making . The ability to decide, quickly or slowly, but choosing the most convenient criteria given the options present.
- Creative thinking . Ability to find innovative solutions to problems and express deep content through original symbols, signs and forms.
- Critical thinking . Ability to perceive the underlying problems in a way of thinking or discourse , and be able to discuss them in the abstract and to be able to elaborate in depth their implications, their consequences, their causes, etc., to understand it more fully.
- Problem and conflict management . In other words, negotiation capacity, flexibility and understanding for mutual benefit.
- Managing emotions . The self-control and healthy management of emotional life allows you to live a calmer, healthier emotionally and with fewer health risk factors.
Skills are classified according to the specific area or type of activity they involve, for example:
- Cognitive skills . Those that involve mental processes, such as memory , speed of thought, logical deduction or the management of formal languages ( mathematics , for example).
- Social skills . Those that involve dealing with others or communicating with other individuals, such as leadership , empathy, conviction, etc.
- Physical abilities . Those that require a coordinated management of the body and its limbs, such as in sports, dancing , acrobatics or any other similar physical activity.
Skill and dexterity
The skill (term from the Latin dextra , “right”), is a form of skill , which consists in carrying out in a satisfactory and easy way a task or work usually linked to the body and manual crafts. Thus, people who demonstrate dexterity are called right-handed : a right-handed basketball player, an athlete with much skill, etc.