We explain what a fantastic story is, several examples of this literary genre and its relationship with the wonderful story.
What is a fantastic story?
When talking about a fantastic story, reference is made to a specific type of literary story, often traditionally oriented to a youth audience, in which a possible world other than the real world is inaugurated in its laws and rules of operation. In other words, fantastic stories propose fictional universes as detached as possible from reality.
The fantastic, seen in this way, is a category of fiction that serves to distinguish between different modes of literary narration , for example, between realistic-cut stories (inserted in a world identical to the real world), or science fiction (similar universes to the real one except for some significant scientific and / or technological detail), etc.
Therefore, what is represented in a fantastic story defies the laws of reason and lacks verifiable existence through our experience of the world . Fictional events such as magic, ghosts, imaginary creatures, gods or supernatural forces often define the imaginary of the fantastic.
The fantastic story has been extensively cultivated throughout the history of literature , reaching in many cases aesthetic and poetic levels of the utmost importance , and in others being relegated to children’s entertainment readings.
Fantastic story examples
Some examples of fantastic story are:
- Cinderella , a traditional story attributed to Perrault.
- The Lord of the Rings , a fantastic novel in several volumes, written by JRR Tolkien.
- The thousand and one nights , compendium of fantastic stories set in Asian antiquity and of anonymous origin.
- Alice in Wonderland , a fantasy novel written in the 19th century by Lewis Carroll.
- “The rain of fire”, story of the Argentine writer Leopoldo Lugones.
- “The feather cushion”, story of the Uruguayan writer Horacio Quiroga.
- “The dinner”, story of the Mexican writer Alfonso Reyes.
- “The doctor of the dead”, story of the Venezuelan writer Julio Garmendia.
- “Tantalia”, a story by Uruguayan writer Macedonio Fernández.
- “El aleph”, story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
- “The Call of Ctuhulhu,” story by the American writer HP Lovecraft.
- The shadow , novel by the Spanish writer Benito Pérez Galdós.
- The metamorphosis , novel by the Czech writer Franz Kafka.
- “Colonel Chabert”, a story by French writer Honoré de Balzac.
The wonderful term is often used as a synonym for the fantastic , although it contains connotations more linked to the infantile world, with fables , fairy tales or traditional childhood stories. It is considered an escapist genre, which evades reality as much as possible .
A wonderful story is characterized, thus, by posing magical and supernatural scenarios that incite amazement or fun , and whose plot is usually linked to the story of adventures.
It is not unusual to find in this type of texts a more or less explicit final learning , although never stated directly as in the case of the moral at the end of a fable.