Tin: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Tin and atomic properties with characteristics. Tin is a shiny silver-gray chemical element with atomic number 50. Its symbol is Sn and it belongs to the group of metals in the block p and its usual state in nature is solid. Tin is located at position 50 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of tin and information about tin and other elements of the periodic table such as germanium, lead, indium or antimony. You will also learn what tin is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with tin such as its atomic number or the usual state in which tin can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of tin such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in tin atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of tin

Tin belongs to the group of metallic elements known as the p-block metals that are located next to the metalloids or semimetals in the periodic table. These types of elements tend to be soft and have low melting points, properties that can also be attributed to tin, since it is part of this group of elements.

The state of tin in its natural form is solid. Tin is a shiny silver-gray chemical element and belongs to the p-block group of metals. The atomic number for tin is 50. The chemical symbol for tin is Sn. The melting point of tin is 505.08 degrees Kelvin or 232.93 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade. The boiling point of tin is 2875 degrees Kelvin or 2602.85 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade.

Atomic properties of tin

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find tin within the periodic table of elements, tin is found in group 14 and period 5. Tin has an atomic mass of 118.710 u.

The electron configuration of tin is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of tin is 145 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 145 pm, its covalent radius is 180 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 217 pm. Tin has a total of 50 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth layer it has 4 electrons.

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Tin characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of tin.

Chemical symbol Sn
Atomic number fifty
Group 14
Period 5
Appearance shiny silver gray
Block p
Density 7310 kg / m3
Atomic mass 118,710 u
Medium radius 145 pm
Atomic radio 145
Covalent radius 180 pm
Van der Waals radio 217 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Oxidation states 4.2
Oxide amphoteric)
Crystal structure tetragonal
State solid
Melting point 505.08 K
Boiling point 2875K
Heat of fusion 7,029 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 5.7810-21Pa at 505 K
Electronegativity 1.96
Specific heat 228 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 9.17106S / m
Thermal conductivity 66.6 W / (Km)

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