Tellurium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Tellurium and atomic properties with characteristics.Tellurium is a silver-gray chemical element with atomic number 52. Its symbol is Te and it belongs to the group of metalloids and its normal state in nature is solid. Tellurium is located at position 52 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of tellurium and information about tellurium and other elements of the periodic table such as selenium, polonium, antimony or iodine. You will also learn what tellurium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with tellurium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which tellurium can be found.

You can see qualities of tellurium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in tellurium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Tellurium Properties

Tellurium is part of the elements called metalloids or semi-metals. These types of elements have intermediate properties between metals and non-metals. Regarding its electrical conductivity, this type of materials to which tellurium belongs, are semiconductors.

The state of tellurium in its natural form is solid (non-magnetic). Tellurium is a silver-gray chemical element that belongs to the group of metalloids. The atomic number for tellurium is 52. The chemical symbol for tellurium is Te. Tellurium’s melting point is 722.66 degrees Kelvin or 450.51 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. Tellurium’s boiling point is 1261 degrees Kelvin or 988.85 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of tellurium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position to find tellurium within the periodic table of elements, tellurium is in group 16 and period 5. Tellurium has an atomic mass of 127.6 u.

The electron configuration of tellurium is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Tellurium’s mean radius is 140 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 123 pm, its covalent radius is 135 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 206 pm. Tellurium has a total of 52 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 6 electrons.

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Tellurium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics that tellurium has.

Chemical symbol Tea
Atomic number 52
Group 16
Period 5
Appearance silver grey
Block p
Density 6240 kg / m3
Atomic mass 127.6 u
Medium radius 140 pm
Atomic radio 123
Covalent radius 135 pm
Van der Waals radio 206 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 6
Oxidation states + -2, 4, 6
Oxide slightly acid
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 722.66 K
Boiling point 1261K
Heat of fusion 17.49 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 23.1 Pa at 272.65 K
Electronegativity 2.1
Specific heat 202 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 200 S / m
Thermal conductivity 2.35 W / (K m)

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