CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Samarium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Samarium and atomic properties with characteristics. Samarium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 62. Its symbol is Sm and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Samarium is located at position 62 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of samarium and information about samarium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what samarium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with samarium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which samarium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of samarium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in samarium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of samarium

Samarium is part of the lanthanide group. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of samarium in its natural form is solid. Samarium is a silvery-white chemical element and belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number for samarium is 62. The chemical symbol for samarium is Sm. The melting point of samarium is 1,345 degrees Kelvin or 1,072.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of samarium is 2076 degrees Kelvin or 1803.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of samarium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Samarium has an atomic mass of 150.36 u.

The electron configuration of samarium is [Xe] 6s24f6. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of samarium is 185 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 238 pm. Samarium has a total of 62 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 24 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

Characteristics of samarium

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of samarium.

Samarium
Chemical symbol Ye
Atomic number 62
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block F
Density 7353 kg / m3
Atomic mass 150.36 u
Medium radius 185 pm
Atomic radio 238
Electronic configuration [Xe] 6s24f6
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure rhombohedral
State solid
Melting point 1345K
Boiling point 2076K
Heat of fusion 8.63 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 563 Pa at 1345 K
Electronegativity 1.17
Specific heat 200 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 0.956106S / m
Thermal conductivity 13.3 W / (K m)

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