What is the rhythm?

We explain what is the rhythm is, the elements that compose it and what is the musical rhythm. Also, what is melody and rhythm in physical education.

  1. What is the rhythm?

It is called every regular and recurring movement, marked by a series of opposite or different events that occur over time . In other words, rhythm is a flow of movement of a visual or sound nature , whose internal order can be perceived and even reproduced.

It underlies most art forms , especially in the case of music, poetry and dance, since the nature of the rhythm is subjective, it depends on the perceptions of each one . A rhythm could well be found behind all the things that happen in time, as long as they involve a certain margin of repetition.

Its series of elements, such as:

  • Pulse . Each of the units of the repetition batch that composes the rhythm is named, which can be regular or irregular, accelerated or slowed.
  • Acento . It is a certain emphasis that is printed at a given pulse, and which coincides with its main energy discharge.
  • Compass . This is the particular way in which various pulses are organized into groups, generating a contrast between their weak and strong, accentuated and unstressed parts.
  • Tempo . This is known to the speed or frequency at which repetitions occur, so it is usually measured through beats per minute (ppm).
  • Duration . Determined from the relationship between the pulse and the tempo.

This word  comes from the Greek  rhytmós , which translates “regular and recurring movement” or also “symmetry.” His study occupies different fields of human knowledge, depending on which subject is manifested: rhythm in music, rhythm in the performing arts, in painting , in heartbeats, in the flow of the spoken language, in architecture and even in natural phenomena and laws.

  1. What is rhythm in music?

Musical rhythm
The dance consists in reproducing the musical rhythm with the body.

Since music consists of a succession of harmonic notes and sounds whose totality expresses a set of emotions or sensations , It is a fundamental notion in it (along with melody and harmony), both in its academic and popular variants.

It could be said that it is the engine of music. The musical rhythm includes the frequency with which the cycles within a melody or song repeat each other, that is, the frequency of intervals and sounds that are transmitted to the listener and that he is able to reproduce with his body. In that, among other things, is dance or dance .

  1. Difference Between Rhythm and melody

The musical rhythm is articulated from short, medium and long sounds , as well as the spaces of silence between them. The specific way of articulating these elements is known as  melody  and responds to cultural reasons: Western music historically tends to ignore silences and flow; while the oriental incorporates silence as one more note, it could be said.

The melodies, thus, receive specific names and are due to the creativity of the musicians , since they have an entity by themselves. For example, riffs  or  solos are often spoken today  , depending on whether it is respectively a repetitive, usual accompaniment melody, or rather an autonomous, singular melody within the piece.

  1. In physical education

Physical education often uses music and rhythm for its activities.

Rhythm and coordination have a common basis, which implies knowing how to translate into actions a frequency of energy discharges and intervals . These movements usually involve more than one part of the body, as in the dance, and modify the center of gravity of the human body, test its balance, among other physical talents.

Hence, physical education often uses music and rhythm for its activities. Thus, the human body obeys the rhythm and translates it into a series of muscular tensions and strains, gestures and efforts, enhancing not only the harmonic response of the body to external stimuli, but also its ability to express, which is useful for development of the performing arts (dance, theater , etc.).

Sports activities such as aerobics, circuit training or forms of recreational boxing (taebo, etc.) often use music for these purposes, and also to impress on the minds of athletes the willingness to keep up the rhythm.

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