We explain what reading is and what are the main benefits of this practice. In addition, how the reading process is carried out.
What is reading?
Reading is a way of acquiring knowledge , of apprehending certain information from a code. For the human being , the code par excellence is language . After reading certain symbols, the reader apprehends knowledge, translates them into information within his mind, decodes them. The code has a support that can be visual, auditory or tactile.
Reading implies knowing how to pronounce written words, identifying them and understanding their meaning. On a textual level, reading is being able to understand a text and extract its meaning.
What are the benefits of reading?
People who read more regularly, and acquire what is known as a reading habit , benefit from various advantages. In the first place, these people enrich their inner world, which allows them to understand the external world in a better way . Someone who reads acquires more knowledge and increases their communicative capacity. Words help not only to better understand things but also to make us better understand each other.
On the other hand, reading helps develop our ability to analyze and solve problems , whether intellectual, practical, in daily or work life. On the other hand, it is also an entertainment option for those who choose fiction reading instead of doing other activities such as watching television or surfing the Internet .
Reading as a process
To make the reading process possible, several aspects are put into play. In the first place the physical question, since it is necessary the ocular movement and the fixation of the sight to read . In addition, several internal processes occur within our mind. When we read, what we do is visualize the words. Then, there is a phonation process (conscious or not) in which reading passes into speech and hearing passes into the ear. Finally, the brain comes into play so that the information reaches our brain and we can understand.
Learning to read is a process that begins at a very early age , between the ages of five and six in elementary school. Learning to read opens the doors of education and writing which is another very important process in the intellectual formation of a person. Unfortunately, there are still millions of illiterate people in the world who lose access to world knowledge.
There are different types of reading possible, which adapt to the needs of the reader. A deep reading requires more concentration and attention , as well as more intense intellectual work. A quick read, on the other hand, seeks to detect the most prominent parts of a text and not deepen. A review reading implies a previous reading of analysis , such as a rereading of a text already read.