What is a product in chemistry?

We explain what a product in chemistry is, the process by which a product is obtained and how to calculate the performance of a reaction.

  1. What is a product in chemistry?

In chemistry and its branches, substances obtained at the end of a chemical reaction are known as a product.

Two or more substances are involved in a chemical reaction, whatever their nature: simple or compound, called  reactants  or  reagents , and that contribute to the reaction the atomic or molecular matter that will be altered or modified during it.

Thus, once the links have been modified and a certain amount of energy generated or consumed, we will have one or more products available.

Products obtained from a certain type of reagents will depend directly on the conditions under which the chemical reaction occurs. Conditions such as temperature or presence of catalysts (other substances that affect the reaction) are determinants, at least, in the time it takes to produce.

However, whatever the chemical reaction considered and the conditions in which it occurs, certain quantities of the products always remain the same : the number of each type of atoms present, the electrical charge and the total mass of the substances.

  1. Performance of a reaction

In the same way, the quantities thrown of product never tend to be identical to those considered theoretically, since it is influenced by specific properties such as the purity of the reagents or the secondary reactions that occur.

Thus, performance is discussed   to determine the approximation percentage of a reaction with respect to what was theoretically predicted , as follows:

Yield (%) = (actual product quantity / product idea quantity) x 100

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