Polonium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Polonium and atomic properties with characteristics. Polonium is a silver-like chemical element with atomic number 84. Its symbol is Po and it belongs to the group of metalloids and its normal state in nature is solid. Polonium is located at position 84 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of polonium and information about polonium and other elements of the periodic table such as tellurium, ununhexium, bismuth or astate. You will also learn what polonium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with polonium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which polonium can be found.

You can see qualities of polonium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in polonium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Polonium properties

Polonium is part of the elements called metalloids or semi-metals. These types of elements have intermediate properties between metals and non-metals. Regarding its electrical conductivity, this type of materials to which polonium belongs, are semiconductors.

The state of polonium in its natural form is solid (not magnetic). Polonium is a silver-looking chemical element and belongs to the group of metalloids. The atomic number for polonium is 84. The chemical symbol for polonium is Po. The melting point of polonium is 527 degrees Kelvin or 254.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of polonium is 1235 degrees Kelvin or 962.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.

Atomic properties of polonium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find polonium within the periodic table of elements, polonium is found in group 16 and period 6. Polonium has an atomic mass of 209 u.

The electron configuration of polonium is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6p4. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of polonium is 190 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 135 pm, and its covalent radius is 146 pm.

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Polonium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of polonium.

Chemical symbol Po
Atomic number 84
Group 16
Period 6
Appearance silver
Block p
Density 9,196 kg / m3
Atomic mass 209 u
Medium radius 190 pm
Atomic radio 135
Covalent radius 146 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6p4
Oxidation states 4, 2 (amphoteric)
Crystal structure monoclinic
State solid
Melting point 527K
Boiling point 1235K
Heat of fusion 60.1 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 0.0176 Pa at 527 K
Electronegativity 2.0 (Pauling)
Electric conductivity 2.19 × 106 m-1 Ω-1
Thermal conductivity 20 W / (m K)

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