We elaborate the atomic properties of plutonium with uses and characteristics. Plutonium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 94. Its symbol is Pu and it belongs to the group of actinides and its normal state in nature is solid. Plutonium is located at position 94 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of plutonium and information about plutonium and other elements of the periodic table such as cerium, praseodymium, neodymium or promised. You will also learn what plutonium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with plutonium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which plutonium can be found.
You can see qualities of plutonium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in plutonium atoms and other properties.
For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
Plutonium is part of the actinide group. Actinides that have a higher atomic number cannot be found in nature and their life span is shorter. All isotopes in the actinide group, including plutonium, are radioactive.
The state of plutonium in its natural form is solid. Plutonium is a silvery-white chemical element and belongs to the group of actinides. The atomic number of plutonium is 94. The chemical symbol for plutonium is Pu. The melting point of plutonium is 912 degrees Kelvin or 639.85 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of plutonium is 3 degrees Kelvin or -269.15 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.
Atomic properties of plutonium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 7. Plutonium has an atomic mass of 2.4 u.
The electron configuration of plutonium is [Rn] 5f6 7s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The atomic radius or Bohr radius of plutonium is 175 pm.
Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of plutonium.
|Density||19,816 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||2.4 u|
|Electronic configuration||[Rn] 5f6 7s2|
|Oxidation states||6, 5, 4, 3 (amphoteric oxide)|
|Heat of fusion||2.82 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||10.00 Pa at 2,926 K|
|Specific heat||35.5 J / (kg K)|
|Thermal conductivity||6.74 W / (m K)|