Neodymium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Neodymium and atomic properties with characteristics. Neodymium is a silvery-white, yellowish chemical element with atomic number 60. Its symbol is Nd and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its usual state in nature is solid. Neodymium is located at position 60 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of neodymium and information about neodymium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what neodymium is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with neodymium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which neodymium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of neodymium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in neodymium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Neodymium properties

Neodymium is part of the lanthanide group. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of neodymium in its natural form is solid. Neodymium is a silvery-white, yellowish chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number for neodymium is 60. The chemical symbol for neodymium is Nd. The melting point of neodymium is 1297 degrees Kelvin or 1024.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of neodymium is 3373 degrees Kelvin or 3100.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of neodymium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Neodymium has an atomic mass of 144.24 u.

The electron configuration of neodymium is [Xe] 4f46s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of neodymium is 185 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 206 pm. Neodymium has a total of 60 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 22 electrons, in the fifth layer it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

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Neodymium Characteristics

Below you can see a table where the main characteristics of neodymium are shown.

Chemical symbol Nd
Atomic number 60
Period 6
Appearance silvery white, yellowish
Block F
Density 6800 kg / m3
Atomic mass 144.24 u
Medium radius 185 pm
Atomic radio 206
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f46s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 1297K
Boiling point 3373K
Heat of fusion 7.14 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 6.0310-3Pa at 2890 K
Electronegativity 1.14
Specific heat 190 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 1.57106S / m
Thermal conductivity 16.5 W / (K m)

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