We explain what the militia is and the types of militia that exist depending on what they do. In addition, the titles provided by the militia.
What is militia?
The militia is a concept used to designate those groups or military forces that are composed only of citizens who do not have prior preparation and who do not receive a salary in exchange for this task. These are united and organized for a certain purpose, they do it by their own choice and are not required to remain in that group for a specific period of time.
The militia refers both to the profession and to the military service itself, to the official reserve army of the State . Those who make up a militia are called militiamen and are dedicated to tasks such as defense of a region or nation, application of emergency laws or paramilitary services at a time when it is necessary.
There are some militias that are born as a form of resistance to, for example, a military coup. Militias is also called the military preparation that occurs before a war and the act of discipline of the soldiers that the soldiers must have for it.
The militias can also be a guerrilla or an irregular army, or a group of people who are available to be called to arms. In the second case there are places where people can be legally penalized for refusing the call .
What is generally normal is that the militias is not accepted by the State, since they normally act outside the framework of the law and often commit abuses , for example, against human rights . As we have said before, who occupies the place of the militias in the State is the army.
The word that comes from the Latin militias , although it is also said to have Latin origins, thousands means soldier, – itia is a state or condition, the sum of both terms, therefore militia would be military service.
* The militias is also the genus of a plant, which has four species of flowering plants belonging to the Moraceae family. They are originally from Asia.
Types of militias
There are several types of militias according to what they do, throughout history there have been several, but we will only name the most prominent.
- Auxiliary militias : Created during the existence of the Roman Empire, which formerly came to the aid of the Romans.
- Stationary militia : I was destined to take care of military points.
- National militia : Created by the Spanish monarchy in the 19th century to defend the constitutional system, constituted by civilians. For a time it was called as an urban militias.
- Provincial militia : It is a reserve infantry corps that was organized with citizens who were drawn.
- Tumultuarial militia : Corresponds to the time of the Roman Empire, where he served as a reserve army.
- Confederal militia : Created in Spain, it was also called popular militia and fought in thecivil war of the twentieth century.
- Provincial militias : They were so named the set of reserve soldiers who had finished active duty and remained in their homes while not being called. In some countries they were given the name of territorial militias, because they guarded the territory.
Other examples of militias have occurred in countries such as the United States, where the National Guard existed, the so-called Black Shirts in Italy or the German national militias called Volkssturm.
Titles provided by the militia
Many years ago the members of the militias were granted various titles. These were the following:
- Count of the militias : Awarded to the officer of the emperors of Greece and the Latin war ministers.
- Master of the militia : In Venice the magistrates took him from 737 to 741, then they began to be called doge .
- General Master of the militia : It was a military charge created by Constantine, there were only two people with this position and each one was in charge of two cavalry masters and two corresponding to the infantry.