We elaborate the uses of magnesium and atomic properties with characteristics. Magnesium is a silver-white chemical element with an atomic number of 12. Its symbol is Mg and belongs to the group of alkaline earth metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Magnesium is located at position 12 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of magnesium and information about magnesium and other elements on the periodic table such as beryllium, calcium, sodium or aluminum. You will also learn what magnesium is for and you will know what its uses are through its properties associated with magnesium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which magnesium can be found.
You will be able to see magnesium qualities such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in magnesium atoms and other properties.
For some elements, some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
Properties of magnesium
The alkaline earth metals, among which is magnesium, have properties such as being soft, colored and having a low density. Elements like magnesium have low ionization energy. All alkaline earth metals form ionic compounds except for beryllium.
The state of magnesium in its natural form is solid (paramagnetic). Magnesium is a silver-white chemical element and belongs to the group of alkaline earth metals. The atomic number of magnesium is 12. The chemical symbol for magnesium is Mg. The melting point of magnesium is 923 degrees Kelvin or 650.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of magnesium is 1363 degrees Kelvin or 1090.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.
Magnesium is a mineral that our body needs for its proper functioning and can be found in food. Through the following link, you can find a list of foods with magnesium .
Uses of magnesium
Magnesium is the ninth most abundant element in the universe and the most abundant in the Earth’s crust. If you’ve ever wondered what hydrogen is for , here is a list of its possible uses:
- In the Kroll process, magnesium is used to obtain titanium .
- Magnesium is both strong and light. This makes it ideal for use on auto and truck parts. It is often alloyed with other strong metals (eg, aluminum).
- Due to its low weight and good mechanical and electrical properties, magnesium is used in the manufacture of mobile phones (also called mobile phones), laptops, and cameras. It can also be used to make other electrical components.
- Three different magnesium compounds are used as antiseptics.
- Fabrics treated with magnesium compounds are resistant to moths.
- Magnesium sulfite is used in papermaking.
- Magnesium bromide can be used as a mild sedative. However, it is the action of bromine that causes the sedative effect.
- The powder that gymnasts and weightlifters use to improve grip is magnesium carbonate.
- Magnesium ions are essential for all living things. Therefore, magnesium salts are added to food and fertilizers.
- Magnesium can be used as a uranium- producing reducing agent from its salt.
- Since magnesium produces bright white light when burned, it is ideal for use in flash photography, flares, and fireworks.
Atomic properties of magnesium
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find magnesium within the periodic table of the elements, magnesium is in group 2 and period 3. Magnesium has an atomic mass of 24,305 u.
The electronic configuration for magnesium is [Ne] 3s2. The electronic configuration of the elements, determines the form in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The average radius for magnesium is 150 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 145 pm, its covalent radius is 130 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 173 pm.
Below you can see a table showing the main characteristics that magnesium has.
|Density||1738 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||24,305 u|
|Average radius||150 pm|
|Covalent radius||130 pm|
|Van der Waals radio||173 pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Ne] 3s2|
|Oxidation states||2 (middle base)|
|Melting point||923 K|
|Boiling point||1363 K|
|Heat of fusion||8,954 kJ / mol|
|Vapor pressure||361 Pa to 923 K|
|Specific heat||1020 J / (K · kg)|
|Electric conductivity||22.6 × 106S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||156 W / (Km)|